Deer Mice ( Peromyscus spp.) Biology, Damage and Management:A Review

  title={Deer Mice ( Peromyscus spp.) Biology, Damage and Management:A Review},
  author={Gary W. Witmer and Rachael S. Moulton},
The deer mouse is the most widely distributed and abundant small mammal in North America. They use a wide array of habitats, are very adaptable, and have a high reproductive potential. They play a number of roles in ecosystems, but can cause damage to orchards, forests, agriculture crops, and rangelands primarily through seed and newly-emerged seedling consumption. They also cause damage similar to house mice when they occupy buildings or other structures. Deer mice are important components in… 

Quantitative Shedding of Multiple Genotypes of Cryptosporidium and Giardia by Deer Mice ( Peromyscus maniculatus ) in a Major Agricultural Region on the California Central Coast.

Female adults and female juveniles had the highest rates of contamination of the environment with Cryptosporidium and Giardia, respectively, and BLAST analyses suggest thatGiardia and the majority of Cryptosportidium genotypes in deer mice circulate within various rodent populations, but some Cryptospora isolates possess zoonotic potential.

Effects of American Kestrel Nest Boxes on Small Mammal Prey in Cherry Orchards

Study of American kestrels in a fruit-growing region of northwestern Michigan found that nest boxes and perches can encourage raptor presence in agricultural areas and potentially enhance the regulatory ecosystem services provided by raptor predation of agricultural pests, including interactions with important predators, such as raptors.

Evaluating the Impact of an Exotic Plant Invasion on Rodent Community Richness and Abundance

It is found that rodent richness decreased with increasing abundance of invasive plant cover, and moderate levels of plant invasions, by way of bolstering rodent abundance and rodent biomass, could have bottom-up effects.

Cost and Effectiveness of Commercially Available Nesting Substrates for Deer Mice (Peromyscus maniculatus).

Brown crinkled paper was the second least-expensive substrate tested, and mice used it to build consistently complex nests, making it the most practical substrate for use as enrichment for deer mice in a laboratory setting.

Human impact on the diversity and virulence of the ubiquitous zoonotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii

The results indicate that expansion of agriculture influenced not only the biogeography but also the virulence of Toxoplasma gondii, and suggests its Old World origin but recent expansion in North America is likely the consequence of global human migration and trading.

Heterospecific competitors and seasonality can affect host physiology and behavior: key factors in disease transmission

It is suggested that chronic stress, suppressed immunity, and higher contact rates may help explain why higher SNV transmission has been previously reported during spring/summer in Montana and may extend to other directly transmitted disease systems.

Risk-Induced Foraging Behavior in a Free-Living Small Mammal Depends on the Interactive Effects of Habitat, Refuge Availability, and Predator Type

Predators have a major influence on prey populations and broader ecosystem dynamics through both their consumptive and non-consumptive effects. Prey employ risk-induced trait responses such as shifts

Positive effects of roads on small mammals: a test of the predation release hypothesis

It is suggested that the predation release hypothesis for positive road effects on small mammals merits further investigation, using methods tailored to the particular predators most likely to impact small mammal populations.



The Ecology and Surveillance of the Deer Mouse Peromyscus maniculatus in San Diego County, California

Sin Nombre virus is the etiologic pathogen of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, and this pathogen is carried by the deer mouse, which is more prevalent than any other mammal in North America.

Influence of mustelid semiochemicals on population dynamics of the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus)

It was concluded that deer mice did not display a behavioral response to weasel odors, and the use of weasel Odors as a biological control method for voles would likely have little impact on deer mice (a nontarget species).

Impacts Of Field-Dwelling Rodents On Emerging Field Corn

Differences among the treatments, however, were not significant and additional research is needed to develop methods to reduce wildlife damage in crop fields that incorporate conservation tillage practices or are adjacent to or converted from CRP fields.

Not all sigmodontine rodents in the sugarcane fields in coastal Veracruz, Mexico, are pests

To distinguish between rodent species that are pests and those that are not, and to identify patterns of food utilization by the rodents in the sugarcane crop complex, six native rodent species were trapped in the Papaloapan River Basin of the State of Veracruz.

Effects of biological control agents and exotic plant invasion on deer mouse populations

It is found that relative abundance of deer mice was elevated twofold in grassland habitats with high densities of spotted knapweed and gall flies, compared to those dominated by native vegetation, in two of three years.

Seed dispersal in relation to rodent activities in seral big sagebrush communities.

haps this native insect may be augmented by mass rearing, by transporting adults to new areas free of natural enemies, or by controlling parasites and predators, so that its potential to destroy


The results suggest that deer mice might make a significant contribution to the dispersal of Jeffrey pine.

Disturbance Effects on Small Mammal Species in a Managed Appalachian Forest

These small mammal species responded neutrally or favorably to disturbance, and identified favorable microhabitat features regardless of stand type.

Vole Problems, Management Options, and Research Needs in the United States

Research needs include the development of effective repellents, effective rodenticide baiting strategies that minimize nontarget hazards, and cost-effective methods to protect the root systems of woody plants.