Deep time perspective on turtle neck evolution: chasing the Hox code by vertebral morphology

@inproceedings{Bhmer2017DeepTP,
  title={Deep time perspective on turtle neck evolution: chasing the Hox code by vertebral morphology},
  author={Christine B{\"o}hmer and Ingmar Werneburg},
  booktitle={Scientific Reports},
  year={2017}
}
The unparalleled ability of turtle neck retraction is possible in three different modes, which characterize stem turtles, living side-necked (Pleurodira), and hidden-necked (Cryptodira) turtles, respectively. Despite the conservatism in vertebral count among turtles, there is significant functional and morphological regionalization in the cervical vertebral column. Since Hox genes play a fundamental role in determining the differentiation in vertebra morphology and based on our reconstruction… CONTINUE READING
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