Deep-sea hydrocarbon seep communities: evidence for energy and nutritional carbon sources.

@article{Brooks1987DeepseaHS,
  title={Deep-sea hydrocarbon seep communities: evidence for energy and nutritional carbon sources.},
  author={James Mason Brooks and Mahlon C. II Kennicutt and Charles R. Fisher and Stephen A. Macko and Kyle Cole and James J. Childress and Robert Richard Bidigare and Russell D. Vetter},
  journal={Science},
  year={1987},
  volume={238 4830},
  pages={1138-42}
}
Mussels, clams, and tube worms collected in the vicinity of hydrocarbon seeps on the Louisiana slope contain mostly "dead" carbon, indicating that dietary carbon is largely derived from seeping oil and gas. Enzyme assays, elemental sulfur analysis, and carbon dioxide fixation studies demonstrate that vestimentiferan tube worms and three clam species contain intracellular, autotrophic sulfur bacterial symbionts. Carbon isotopic ratios of 246 individual animal tissues were used to differentiate… CONTINUE READING

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