Deep roots of the Messinian salinity crisis

  title={Deep roots of the Messinian salinity crisis},
  author={Svend Duggen and Kaj Hoernle and Paul van den Bogaard and Lars Helmuth R{\"u}pke and Jason P. Morgan},
The Messinian salinity crisis—the desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea between 5.96 and 5.33 million years (Myr) ago—was one of the most dramatic events on Earth during the Cenozoic era. It resulted from the closure of marine gateways between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, the causes of which remain enigmatic. Here we use the age and composition of volcanic rocks to reconstruct the geodynamic evolution of the westernmost Mediterranean from the Middle Miocene epoch to the… 
Magmatic pulse driven by sea-level changes associated with the Messinian salinity crisis
The Mediterranean magmatic record provides an independent validation of the controversial kilometre-scale evaporative drawdown and sheds new light on the sensitivity of magmatic systems to the surface forcing.
Catastrophic flood of the Mediterranean after the Messinian salinity crisis
The results suggest that 90 per cent of the water was transferred in a short period ranging from a few months to two years, suggesting that this extremely abrupt flood may have involved peak rates of sea level rise in the Mediterranean of more than ten metres per day.
Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar arc
Numerical modelling suggests that the competition between uplift and erosion can result in harmonic coupling between erosion and the Mediterranean sea level, providing an alternative mechanism for the cyclicity observed in early salt precipitation deposits and calling into question previous ideas regarding the timing of the events that occurred during the Messinian salinity crisis.
Evaporation of marine basins: a review of evaporite formation and Messinian Salinity Crisis
The Mediterranean Sea experienced an extraordinary event at the end of the Miocene, when massive evaporites formed rapidly between 5.97 and 5.33 Ma. This event is referred to as the Messinian
The Climate Impact of the Messinian Salinity Crisis
  • L. Murphy
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2010
Title of dissertation: THE CLIMATE IMPACT OF THE MESSINIAN SALINITY CRISIS Lisa Nicole Murphy, Doctor of Philosophy, 2010 Dissertation directed by: Assistant Professor Daniel Kirk-Davidoff Department
The Alboran volcanic-arc modulated the Messinian faunal exchange and salinity crisis
New seismic data is presented showing the velocity structure of a well-differentiated 14–17-km thick volcanic arc in the East Alboran basin, indicating that the arc was active between ~10–6 Ma and can explain the extended exchange of terrestrial biota between Iberia and Africa.
The Messinian Salinity Crisis: Past and future of a great challenge for marine sciences
Dense shelf water cascading and Messinian Canyons: A new scenario for the Mediterranean salinity crisis
The salt giant beneath the deep Mediterranean seafloor is the impressive record of the “Messinian salinity crisis,” a dramatic event that occurred about 6 Ma ago following the reduction of the


Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian salinity crisis
The Messinian salinity crisis is widely regarded as one of the most dramatic episodes of oceanic change of the past 20 or so million years (refs 1–3). Earliest explanations were that extremely thick
The Messinian salinity crisis and evidence of late Miocene eustatic changes in the world ocean
The Mediterranean Sea became isolated from the world ocean in the late Miocene and underwent a ‘crisis of salinity’ during which vast deposits of evaporites were laid down in pre-existing
The Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 161 drilled in the Western Mediterranean Sea (May‐June, 1995) to investigate outstanding processes in the origin and structural evolution of the Alboran Basin.
Correlation of Late Miocene to Early Pliocene sequences between the Mediterranean and North Atlantic
Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 982 in the North Atlantic contains a complete latest Miocene to early Pliocene section that was tuned to the astronomical timescale by correlating the record of
Extensional collapse of thickened continental lithosphere: A working hypothesis for the Alboran Sea and Gibraltar arc
Several features of the Alboran Sea suggest that it may have been a high collisional ridge in Paleogene time that subsequently underwent extensional-collapse, driving radial thrusting around the
Magmatism Associated with Orogenic Collapse of the Betic–Alboran Domain, SE Spain
lithospheric mantle. Overall, the magmatic succession is more Extensional collapse of the Betic–Alboran Domain in the Miocene consistent with a geodynamic model involving convective removal of was
The transition from calc-alkaline to potassic orogenic magmatism in the Aeolian Islands, Southern Italy
The Aeolian volcanic arc displays a wide range of magmatic products. Mafic lavas range from hypersthene normative calc-alkaline basalts to silica-undersaturated potassic absarokites, although the