Deep rolling of titanium rods for application in modular total hip arthroplasty.


Compressive residual stresses are commonly introduced into the near-surface regions of morse taper junctions of modular hip endoprostheses to prolong fatigue life. An increasing number of publications report that contamination of shot-peened surfaces can lead to enhanced corrosion and third body wear. This study evaluates deep rolling of titanium alloy rods as a possible alternative to shot peening. Ten rods of Ti6Al7Nb alloy with a diameter of 15 mm were deep rolled with various rolling parameters. The resulting surface topography and residual contamination was analyzed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The near-surface residual stress states after deep rolling were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction. The roughness of the surfaces before deep rolling was about R(z) = 14 microm, and after deep rolling surface roughness values of R(z) 0.4-7.5 microm were achieved. The results of the SEM and EDAX analyses of the sample surface showed no evidence of surface contamination by particles or abrasion products caused by any process. At a pressure of 300 bar, compressive stress reached the maximum of -1150 MPa at a depth of 0.1 mm. Deep rolling thus allows a smooth and particle-free surface to be obtained and therefore shows promise as a surface treatment for mating surfaces of morse tapers in modular hip endoprostheses.

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@article{Schuh2007DeepRO, title={Deep rolling of titanium rods for application in modular total hip arthroplasty.}, author={Alexander Schuh and Christian Zeller and Ulrich Holzwarth and Werner Kachler and Gerhard Wilcke and Guenther Zeiler and Bernd Eigenmann and Jean Bigoney}, journal={Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials}, year={2007}, volume={81 2}, pages={330-5} }