Deep melting reveals liquid structural memory and anomalous ferromagnetism in bismuth.

@article{Shu2017DeepMR,
  title={Deep melting reveals liquid structural memory and anomalous ferromagnetism in bismuth.},
  author={Yu Shu and Dongli Yu and Wentao Hu and Yanbin Wang and Guoyin Shen and Yoshio Kono and Bo Xu and Julong He and Zhongyuan Liu and Yongjun Tian},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2017},
  volume={114 13},
  pages={
          3375-3380
        }
}
As an archetypal semimetal with complex and anisotropic Fermi surface and unusual electric properties (e.g., high electrical resistance, large magnetoresistance, and giant Hall effect), bismuth (Bi) has played a critical role in metal physics. In general, Bi displays diamagnetism with a high volumetric susceptibility ([Formula: see text]10-4). Here, we report unusual ferromagnetism in bulk Bi samples recovered from a molten state at pressures of 1.4-2.5 GPa and temperatures above [Formula: see… CONTINUE READING

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