Deep croaks and fighting assessment in toads Bufo bufo

  title={Deep croaks and fighting assessment in toads Bufo bufo},
  author={N. Davies and T. Halliday},
  • N. Davies, T. Halliday
  • Published 1978
  • Psychology
  • Nature
  • ANIMALS often settle disputes by means of conventional displays. It has been suggested that this enables the contestants to assess each other's strength without resorting to a serious fight1. If this is true then we would expect natural selection to favour displays which give reliable information about fighting potential; assessment signals that are easily mimicked by weak individuals will not be evolutionary stable2,3. Often the outcome of a contest will depend simply on who is the larger, and… CONTINUE READING
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