Deep common ancestry of Indian and western-Eurasian mitochondrial DNA lineages

@article{Kivisild1999DeepCA,
  title={Deep common ancestry of Indian and western-Eurasian mitochondrial DNA lineages},
  author={Toomas Kivisild and Michael J. Bamshad and Katrin Kaldma and Mait Metspalu and Ene Metspalu and Maere Reidla and Sirle Laos and Jüri Parik and W. Scott Watkins and Mary E. Dixon and Surinder S. Papiha and Sarabjit S Mastana and Manzoor ur Rahman Mir and Vladim{\'i}r Fer{\'a}k and Richard Villems},
  journal={Current Biology},
  year={1999},
  volume={9},
  pages={1331-1334}
}
About a fifth of the human gene pool belongs largely either to Indo-European or Dravidic speaking people inhabiting the Indian peninsula. The 'Caucasoid share' in their gene pool is thought to be related predominantly to the Indo-European speakers. A commonly held hypothesis, albeit not the only one, suggests a massive Indo-Aryan invasion to India some 4,000 years ago [1]. Recent limited analysis of maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of Indian populations has been interpreted as… Expand
Phylogeography of mtDNA haplogroup R7 in the Indian peninsula
TLDR
Among Indo-Europeans, and particularly in Dravidians, the haplogroup is, despite its lower frequency, phylogenetically more divergent, while among the Munda speakers only one sub-clade of R7, i.e. R7a1, can be observed. Expand
A prehistory of Indian Y chromosomes: evaluating demic diffusion scenarios.
TLDR
The Y-chromosomal data consistently suggest a largely South Asian origin for Indian caste communities and therefore argue against any major influx, from regions north and west of India, of people associated either with the development of agriculture or the spread of the Indo-Aryan language family. Expand
Major genomic mitochondrial lineages delineate early human expansions
TLDR
The relative relationships among the 42 human lineages are shown and more accurate temporal calibrations are presented than have been previously possible to give new perspectives as how modern humans spread in the Old World. Expand
The Genetics of Language and Farming Spread in India
Most maternal lineages of present-day Indians derive from a common ancestor in mtDNA haplogroup M that split into Indian, eastern Asian, Papuan, and Australian subsets 40,000-60,000 mtDNA-years ago.Expand
Carriers of human mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup M colonized India from southeastern Asia
TLDR
A new and more conciliatory model is constructed to explain the history of modern humans out of Africa by reanalyzing the phylogeography and respective ages of mtDNA haplogroups belonging to macrohaplogroup M in different regions of Eurasia and Australasia. Expand
African human mtDNA phylogeography at-a-glance.
  • A. Rosa, António Brehem
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Journal of anthropological sciences = Rivista di antropologia : JASS
  • 2011
The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic system has long proven to be useful for studying the demographic history of our species, since their proposed Southeast/East African origin 200 kya. Despite theExpand
Ethnic populations of India as seen from an evolutionary perspective
TLDR
Analysis of variation at DNA level in contemporary human populations of India has provided evidence that mitochondrial DNA haplotypes based on RFLPs are strikingly similar across ethnic groups of India, consistent with the hypothesis that a small number of females entered India during the initial process of the peopling of India. Expand
Complete mitogenomes document substantial genetic contribution from the Eurasian Steppe into northern Pakistani Indo-Iranian speakers.
TLDR
It is shown that substantial genetic components of Indo-Iranian speakers in northern Pakistan can be traced to Bronze Age in the Steppe region, which suggests a demographic link with the spread of Indo -Iranian languages, and further highlights the corridor role of northern Pakistan in the southward dispersal of Indo'-Iranian-speaking groups. Expand
Admixture, migrations, and dispersals in Central Asia: evidence from maternal DNA lineages
TLDR
The present results suggest that the mtDNA found out of Africa might be the result of a maturation phase, presumably in the Middle East or eastern Africa, that led to haplogroups M and N, and subsequently expanded into Eurasia, yielding a geographically structured group of external branches of these two haplog groups in western and eastern Eurasia. Expand
Genetic Evidence on the Origins of Indian Caste Populations
The origins and affinities of the ∼1 billion people living on the subcontinent of India have long been contested. This is owing, in part, to the many different waves of immigrants that haveExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
The emerging tree of West Eurasian mtDNAs: a synthesis of control-region sequences and RFLPs.
TLDR
It is shown that the main indigenous North African cluster is a sister group to the most ancient cluster of European mtDNAs, from which it diverged approximately 50,000 years ago. Expand
Mitochondrial DNA analysis in Tibet: implications for the origin of the Tibetan population and its adaptation to high altitude.
TLDR
It is suggested that mtDNA mutations are unlikely to play a major role in the adaptation of Tibetans to high altitudes and is supportive of previous genetic evidence that Tibetans, although located in southern Asia, share common ancestral origins with northern Mongoloid populations. Expand
Phylogeography of mitochondrial DNA in western Europe
TLDR
A cladistic notation for mitochondrial variation is described and analysis is expanded upon to present a more detailed portrait of the European mitochondrial record, suggesting that most extant mitochondrial sequences in western Europe have a local ancestry in the Early Upper Palaeolithic. Expand
Mitochondrial footprints of human expansions in Africa.
TLDR
Eurasian sequences are derived from essentially one sequence within this ancient cluster, even though a diverse mitochondrial pool was present in Africa at the time. Expand
Demographic history of India and mtDNA-sequence diversity.
The demographic history of India was examined by comparing mtDNA sequences obtained from members of three culturally divergent Indian subpopulations (endogamous caste groups). While an inferred treeExpand
A view of modern human origins from Y chromosome microsatellite variation.
TLDR
The magnitude of the excess Y chromosome diversity in African populations appears to result from a greater antiquity of African populations rather than a greater long-term effective population size. Expand
Trading genes along the silk road: mtDNA sequences and the origin of central Asian populations.
TLDR
It seems unlikely that altitude has exerted a major selective pressure on mitochondrial genes in central Asian populations, because lowland and highland Kirghiz mtDNA sequences are very similar, and the analysis of molecular variance has revealed that the fraction of mitochondrial genetic variance due to altitude is not significantly different from zero. Expand
Reconstruction of human evolution: bringing together genetic, archaeological, and linguistic data.
TLDR
The reconstruction of human evolutionary history was checked with statistical techniques such as "boot-strapping" and changes some earlier conclusions and is in agreement with more recent ones, including published and unpublished DNA-marker results. Expand
Origin and evolution of Native American mtDNA variation: a reappraisal.
TLDR
Reappraising mtDNA control region sequences from aboriginal Siberians and Native Americans confirms in agreement with linguistic, archaeological and climatic evidence that the major wave of migration brought one population, ancestral to the Amerinds, from northeastern Siberia to America 20,000-25,000 years ago. Expand
Classification of European mtDNAs from an analysis of three European populations.
TLDR
The conclusion that most haplogroups observed in Europe are Caucasoid-specific, and that at least some of them occur at varying frequencies in different Caucasoid populations, is supported. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...