Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as a Treatment for Psychiatric Disorders: A Comprehensive Review

@article{Bersani2013DeepTM,
  title={Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as a Treatment for Psychiatric Disorders: A Comprehensive Review},
  author={Francesco Saverio Bersani and Amedeo Minichino and Peter G. Enticott and Lorenzo Mazzarini and Nashaba Khan and G. Antonacci and Ruggero Nessim Raccah and Massimo Salviati and Roberto Delle Chiaie and Giuseppe Bersani and Paul B. Fitzgerald and Massimo Biondi},
  journal={European Psychiatry},
  year={2013},
  volume={28},
  pages={30 - 39}
}
Past, present and future of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in the treatment of psychiatric disorders
TLDR
TMS is likely the non-invasive brain stimulation intervention with the strongest evidence in terms of efficacy in psychiatric disorders, as documented by RCTs and meta-analyses, but the efficacy of TMS needs to be further investigated in other psychiatric disorders.
Clinical Off-Label Use of Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Psychiatric Conditions
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Overall, neuromodulation holds promise for treating a variety of psychiatric conditions but more extensive works aimed at understanding the mechanisms and applicability are sorely needed.
A Review of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Use in Psychiatry
TLDR
It is concluded that multicenter sham controlled studies including similar designs, sociodemographic and clinical variables, methodological protocols with larger sample sizes and studies guieded by imaging methods are warranted to determinate efficacy and side effects of rTMS use in psychiatric disorders.
Emerging areas of transcranial magnetic stimulation use in psychiatry
TLDR
A critical condensation of the available data assessing the efficacy of TMS in the treatment of other psychiatric conditions, namely bipolar disorder, substance use, post-traumatic stress disorder and other anxiety disorders is provided.
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
TLDR
The principles and clinical applications of TMS are reviewed, with a focus on antidepressant therapy, for the treatment of major depressive disorder.
Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Using Figure-of-Eight and Halo Coils
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a technique for noninvasive stimulation of the human brain. Stimulation is produced by generating a brief, transient high intensity magnetic field by
Evidence Based Practice: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Major Depression
TLDR
Clinical questions about efficacy of TMS among patients with Major Depressive Disorder were formulated and evidences analysis showed that TMS is more effective than traditional antidepressants among MDD patients during in patient's periods.
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The potential of deep TMS treatment over the temporoparietal cortex as an add-on treatment for chronic auditory hallucinations in schizophrenic patients is demonstrated.
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The effect of 20 daily deep-TMS sessions over the prefrontal cortex of 15 patients indicated improvement in cognition and negative symptoms that was maintained at 2-wk post-treatment follow-up.
Response to deep TMS in depressive patients with previous electroconvulsive treatment
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An H1 deep TMS coil could be used as an alternative treatment for major depressive disorder using Brainsway's H1‐coil connected to a Magstim rapid 2 stimulator.
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