Corpus ID: 231418987

Deep-Learning based Reconstruction of the Shower Maximum $X_{\mathrm{max}}$ using the Water-Cherenkov Detectors of the Pierre Auger Observatory

  title={Deep-Learning based Reconstruction of the Shower Maximum \$X_\{\mathrm\{max\}\}\$ using the Water-Cherenkov Detectors of the Pierre Auger Observatory},
  author={T. P. A. C. A. Aab and P. Abreu and M. Aglietta and J. Albury and I. Allekotte and A. Almela and J. {\'A}lvarez-Mu{\~n}iz and R. Batista and G. A. Anastasi and L. Anchordoqui and B. Andrada and S. Andringa and C. Aramo and P. Ferreira and J. Vel'azquez and H. Asorey and P. Assis and G. Avila and A. M. Badescu and A. Bakalova and A. Balaceanu and F. Barbato and R. Luz and K. Becker and J. Bellido and C. B{\'e}rat and M. Bertaina and X. Bertou and P. Biermann and T. Bister and J. Biteau and J. Blazek and C. Bleve and M. Boh'avcov'a and D. Boncioli and C. Bonifazi and L. Arbeletche and N. Borodai and A. Botti and J. Brack and T. Bretz and P. G. B. Orchera and F. Briechle and P. Buchholz and A. Bueno and S. Buitink and M. Buscemi and K. S. Caballero-Mora and L. Caccianiga and F. Canfora and I. Caracas and J. M. Carceller and R. Caruso and A. Castellina and F. Catalani and G. Cataldi and L. Cazon and M. Cerda and J. Chinellato and K. Choi and J. Chudoba and L. Chytka and R. Clay and A. Cerutti and R. Colalillo and A. Coleman and M. R. Coluccia and R. Conceiccao and A. Condorelli and G. Consolati and F. Contreras and F. Convenga and D. C. D. Santos and C. Covault and S. Dasso and K. Daumiller and B. Dawson and J. A. Day and R. Almeida and J. D. Jes'us and S. Jong and G. D. Mauro and J. M. Neto and I. Mitri and J. D. Oliveira and D. D. O. Franco and F. Palma and V. Souza and E. D. Vito and M. D. R'io and O. Deligny and A. Matteo and C. Dobrigkeit and J. D'Olivo and R. C. Anjos and M. Dova and J. Ebr and R. Engel and I. Epicoco and M. Erdmann and C. Escobar and A. Etchegoyen and H. Falcke and J. Farmer and G. Farrar and A. Fauth and N. Fazzini and F. Feldbusch and F. Fenu and B. Fick and J. M. Figueira and A. Filipvcivc and T. Fodran and M. Freire and T. Fujii and A. Fuster and C. Galea and C. Galelli and B. Garc'ia and A. Vegas and H. Gemmeke and F. Gesualdi and A. Gherghel-Lascu and P. Ghia and U. Giaccari and M. Giammarchi and M. Giller and J. Glombitza and F. Gobbi and F. Gollan and G. Golup and M. G. Berisso and P. F. G. Vitale and J. P. Gongora and J. M. Gonzalez and N. Gonz'alez and I. Goos and D. G'ora and A. Gorgi and M. Gottowik and T. D. Grubb and F. Guarino and G. Guedes and E. Guido and S. Hahn and P. Hamal and M. Hampel and P. Hansen and D. Harari and V. M. Harvey and A. Haungs and T. Hebbeker and D. Heck and G. Hill and C. Hojvat and J. Horandel and P. Horvath and M. Hrabovsk'y and T. Huege and J. Hulsman and A. Insolia and P. G. Isar and P. Janeček and J. Johnsen and J. Jury{\vs}ek and A. Kaapa and K. Kampert and B. Keilhauer and J. Kemp and H. Klages and M. Kleifges and J. Kleinfeller and M. Kopke and N. Kunka and B. Lago and R. Lang and N. Langner and M. A. L. D. Oliveira and V. Lenok and A. Letessier-Selvon and I. Lhenry-Yvon and D. Presti and L. Lopes and R. L'opez and L. Lu and Q. Luce and A. Lucero and J. Lundquist and A. Payeras and G. Mancarella and D. Mand'at and B. Manning and J. Manshanden and P. Mantsch and S. Marafico and A. G. Mariazzi and I. Marics and G. Marsella and D. Martello and H. Mart{\'i}nez and O. Bravo and M. Mastrodicasa and H. Mathes and J. Matthews and G. Matthiae and E. Mayotte and P. Mazur and G. Medina-Tanco and D. Melo and A. Menshikov and K. Merenda and S. Michal and M. I. Micheletti and L. Miramonti and S. Mollerach and F. Montanet and C. Morello and M. Mostaf'a and A. Muller and M. Muller and K. Mulrey and R. Mussa and M. Muzio and W. M. Namasaka and A. Nasr-Esfahani and L. Nellen and M. Niculescu-Oglinzanu and M. Niechciol and D. Nitz and D. Nosek and V. Novotn{\'y} and L. Novzka and A. Nucita and L. N'unez and M. Palatka and J. Pallotta and P. Papenbreer and G. Parente and A. Parra and M. Pech and F. Pedreira and J. Pkekala and R. Pelayo and J. Pena-Rodr'iguez and E. Martins and J. P. Armand and C. Bertolli and M. Perlin and L. Perrone and S. Petrera and T. Pierog and M. Pimenta and V. Pirronello and M. Platino and B. Pont and M. Pothast and P. Privitera and M. Prouza and A. Puyleart and S. Querchfeld and J. Rautenberg and D. Ravignani and M. Reininghaus and J. Ř{\'i}dk{\'y} and F. Riehn and M. Risse and V. Rizi and W. Carvalho and J. Rojo and M. Roncoroni and M. Roth and E. Roulet and A. Rovero and P. R{\"u}hl and S. Saffi and A. Saftoiu and F. Salamida and H. Salazar and G. Salina and J. S. G{\'o}mez and F. S'anchez and E. Santos and F. Sarazin and R. Sarmento and C. Sarmiento-cano and R. Sato and P. Savina and C. Schafer and V. Scherini and H. Schieler and M. Schimassek and M. Schimp and F. Schluter and D. Schmidt and O. Scholten and P. Schov'anek and F. G. Schroder and S. Schroder and J. Schulte and S. Sciutto and M. Scornavacche and A. Segreto and S. Sehgal and R. Shellard and G. Sigl and G. Silli and O. Sima and R. vSm'ida and P. Sommers and J. F. Soriano and J. Souchard and R. Squartini and M. Stadelmaier and D. Stanca and S. Stanivc and J. Stasielak and P. Stassi and A. Streich and M. Suarez-Duran and T. Sudholz and T. Suomijarvi and A. Supanitsky and J. vSup'ik and Z. Szadkowski and A. Taboada and A. Tapia and C. Taricco and C. Timmermans and O. Tkachenko and P. Tobiska and C. Peixoto and B. Tom'e and A. Travaini and P. Travnicek and C. Trimarelli and M. Trini and M. Tueros and R. Ulrich and M. Unger and L. V{\'a}clavek and M. Vacula and J. Galicia and L. Valore and E. Varela and V. Kc and A. V'asquez-Ram'irez and D. Veberivc and C. Ventura and I. Quispe and V. Verzi and J. Vicha and J. Vink and S. Vorobiov and H. Wahlberg and C. Watanabe and A. A. Watson and M. Weber and A. Weindl and L. Wiencke and H. Wilczynski and T. Winchen and M. Wirtz and D. Wittkowski and B. Wundheiler and A. Yushkov and O. Zapparrata and E. Zas and D. Zavrtanik and M. Zavrtanik and L. Zehrer and A. Zepeda},
The atmospheric depth of the air shower maximum Xmax is an observable commonly used for the determination of the nuclear mass composition of ultra-high energy cosmic rays. Direct measurements of Xmax are performed using observations of the longitudinal shower development with fluorescence telescopes. At the same time, several methods have been proposed for an indirect estimation of Xmax from the characteristics of the shower particles registered with surface detector arrays. In this paper, we… Expand


A deep learning-based reconstruction of cosmic ray-induced air showers
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Measurement of the depth of maximum of extensive air showers above 10{18} eV.
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