Deductive Versus Probabilistic Reasoning in Healthy Adults: An EEG Analysis of Neural Differences.

@article{Malaia2015DeductiveVP,
  title={Deductive Versus Probabilistic Reasoning in Healthy Adults: An EEG Analysis of Neural Differences.},
  author={Evie Malaia and Jodi Tommerdahl and F. W. MCKEE},
  journal={Journal of psycholinguistic research},
  year={2015},
  volume={44 5},
  pages={533-44}
}
This study examined the electrophysiological signatures of deductive and probabilistic reasoning. Deduction is defined as the case in which a conclusion can be found to be true or false due to validity of argument. In probabilistic reasoning, however, conclusions can be considered to be likely or unlikely, but not with certainty due to the lack of validity in the form of the argument. 16 participants were presented with both types of arguments while response times and ERPs were carried out… CONTINUE READING

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