Decrystallization of adult birdsong by perturbation of auditory feedback

@article{Leonardo1999DecrystallizationOA,
  title={Decrystallization of adult birdsong by perturbation of auditory feedback},
  author={Anthony M. Leonardo and Masakazu Konishi},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1999},
  volume={399},
  pages={466-470}
}
Young birds learn to sing by using auditory feedback to compare their own vocalizations to a memorized or innate song pattern; ifthey are deafened as juveniles, they will not develop normal songs,. The completion of song development is called crystallization. After this stage, song shows little variation in its temporal or spectral properties. However, the mechanisms underlying this stability are largely unknown. Here we present evidence that auditory feedback is actively used in adulthood to… Expand

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