Decreasing Adverse Outcomes of Unmodified Electroconvulsive Therapy: Suggestions and Possibilities

@article{Gallegos2012DecreasingAO,
  title={Decreasing Adverse Outcomes of Unmodified Electroconvulsive Therapy: Suggestions and Possibilities},
  author={Jes{\'u}s Gallegos and Punit V Vaidya and Douglas D'Agati and Geetha Jayaram and Thai Nguyen and Adarsh Tripathi and Jitendra kumar Trivedi and Irving M Reti},
  journal={The Journal of ECT},
  year={2012},
  volume={28},
  pages={77–81}
}
Abstract Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is far and away the most effective treatment for depression and quite effective for a range of other psychiatric conditions that are unresponsive to medication. Electroconvulsive therapy in the developed world has been administered with anesthesia, muscle relaxants, and ventilation since the mid-1950s following 20 years of unmodified treatment. However, in much of the developing world, ECT continues to be administered unmodified because of lack of… 
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TLDR
Unmodified ECT in Malawi is an effective treatment with less severe side effects than commonly thought and efforts to improve treatment standards are undertaken.
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TLDR
If ECT is urgently indicated but anesthesia and hence conventional muscle relaxants cannot be administered, benzodiazepine-modified ECT may be a safer alternative to un modified ECT, and merits wide attention because of its public health importance in countries with poor medical infrastructure.
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Unmodified ECT is fairly well accepted among patients, although a majority complained of deficiencies in information provided about and consent toward the procedure.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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