Decreased human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) provirus load and alteration in T cell phenotype after interferon-alpha therapy for HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis.

Abstract

To analyze the mechanism by which interferon (IFN)-alpha is effective against human T cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), we investigated the T cell phenotype and HTLV-I provirus load in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 25 patients with HAM/TSP that were obtained before and after administration of IFN-alpha. The frequency of memory (CD45RA(-)CD27(+)) T cells that were CD8(high+), CXCR3(+) cell populations, and HTLV-I provirus loads were significantly decreased after treatment. The proportion of memory T cells in the CD8(high+) cell population correlated well with HTLV-I provirus load, whereas the proportion of effector (CD45RA(+)CD27(-)) cells in the CD8(high+) cell population was inversely correlated with provirus load. Interestingly, the frequency of perforin expression in CD8(high+) cells was significantly decreased after treatment in patients who experienced clinical improvement, whereas patients who did not experience clinical improvement showed an increased frequency of perforin expression. Our data suggest that fluctuations in these cell subsets are associated with both the immunomodulatory effect of IFN-alpha and the observed clinical benefit of IFN-alpha treatment in patients with HAM/TSP.

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@article{Saito2004DecreasedHT, title={Decreased human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) provirus load and alteration in T cell phenotype after interferon-alpha therapy for HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis.}, author={Mineki Saito and Masanori Nakagawa and Shun Kaseda and Toshio Matsuzaki and Manabu Jonosono and Nobutaka Eiraku and Ryuji Kubota and Norihiro Takenouchi and Masahiro Nagai and Yoshitaka Furukawa and Koichiro Usuku and Shuji Izumo and Mitsuhiro Osame}, journal={The Journal of infectious diseases}, year={2004}, volume={189 1}, pages={29-40} }