Decreased Fertility Among HIV‐1‐Infected Women Attending Antenatal Clinics in Three African Cities

  title={Decreased Fertility Among HIV‐1‐Infected Women Attending Antenatal Clinics in Three African Cities},
  author={Judith R. Glynn and Anne Buvé and Michel Cara{\"e}l and Maina Kahindo and Isaac B. Macauley and Rosemary Mubanga Musonda and Eva Jungmann and Francis Tembo and Léopold Zekeng},
  journal={JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes},
&NA;Population HIV prevalence estimates rely heavily on sentinel surveillance in antenatal clinics (ANCs), but because HIV reduces fertility, these estimates are biased. To aid interpretation of such data, we estimated HIV‐associated fertility reduction among pregnant women in ANCs in Yaoundé (Cameroon), Kisumu (Kenya), and Ndola (Zambia). Data collection followed existing HIV sentinel surveillance procedures as far as possible. HIV prevalence among the women was 5.5% in Yaoundé, 30.6% in… 
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