Deconfounding Serial Recall

@article{Cowan2002DeconfoundingSR,
  title={Deconfounding Serial Recall},
  author={N. Cowan and J. S. Saults and E. Elliott and Matthew V. Moreno},
  journal={Journal of Memory and Language},
  year={2002},
  volume={46},
  pages={153-177}
}
Immediate recall of nine-digit lists was examined with a method designed to disentangle three factors: input serial position, output position, and response set size (the number of items yet to be recalled). Recall began at Input Serial Position 1, 4, or 7 and included either three consecutive items (in partial recall) or all items from the cued point to the end of the list and then continuing from the beginning in a circular fashion (in whole recall). Lists were spoken or printed and were… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Serial Recall
Short-term memory for serial order refers to the ability to store and recall a novel sequence of items or events in the correct order. In the laboratory, the dominant tool used to assess this mentalExpand
On the auditory modality superiority effect in serial recall: separating input and output factors.
TLDR
A new method to distinguish between the effects of input serial position, outputserial position, and the number of items yet to be recalled found that large modality effects occurred only in conditions in which delay and interference at output (from items already recalled) was high. Expand
Understanding serial position curves in short-term recognition and recall.
The experiment analyzed serial position curves in recall, global recognition (comparing probes to whole lists) and local recognition (comparing probes to specific items in a list). Input order,Expand
Output order in immediate serial recall
TLDR
Examination of the effect of output order in immediate serial recall suggests that output order plays an important role in the primacy effect in ISR and that the recency items are most highly accessible at recall. Expand
Immediate recall of serial numbers with or without multiple item repetitions
TLDR
A theoretical analysis is suggested in which participants can use presented grouping cues or create their own groupings to exploit repetitions among the stimuli to begin to understand immediate serial recall of lists of items in random serial order. Expand
The dynamics of access to groups in working memory.
TLDR
Three experiments are presented here that disentangle input structure from output buffering in serial recall and point to a tight linkage between implied memorial structures and the output structure implied by retrieval times and call into question a purely motoric account of the dynamics of recall. Expand
Evidence for Attentional Gradient in the Serial Position Memory Curve from Event-related Potentials
TLDR
The close relationship between the enhanced amplitude and primacy retrieval supports the view that this positive component reflects one of a process series related to attentional gradient and encoding of events for storage in memory. Expand
Can the effects of temporal grouping explain the similarities and differences between free recall and serial recall?
TLDR
The data support the claim that grouping may offer an important element in the theoretical integration of IFR and ISR and show an increased degree of forward-ordered transitions within groups than across groups in IFR. Expand
Interactions Between Item Set and Vocoding in Serial Recall.
TLDR
The results replicated previous findings that low quality auditory input can impair short-term memory, and demonstrated that this impairment is sensitive to stimulus set. Expand
Learning and memory for sequences of pictures, words, and spatial locations: an exploration of serial position effects.
  • W. Bonk, A. Healy
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of psychology
  • 2010
TLDR
A serial reproduction of order with distractors task was developed to make it possible to observe successive snapshots of the learning process at each serial position, and a version of the scale-independent memory, perception, and learning model accounted for improved performance by increasing the value of only a single parameter that reflects reduced interference from distant items. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 95 REFERENCES
Retroactive inhibition of serial lists as a function of the presence or absence of positional cues
Summary The experimental design consisted of two control and two RI work groups which differed in terms of method of serial presentation. Under one condition (C) the responses were presented in aExpand
Serial effects in recall of unorganized and sequentially organized verbal material.
TLDR
The serial position curve for serial anticipation and that for free recall are roughly mirror images of one another, since the exact form of the curves will depend upon the material and method of testing. Expand
Rehearsal Grouping and Hierarchical Organization of Serial Position Cues in Short-Term Memory
  • W. A. Wickelgren
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
  • 1967
TLDR
The results suggest that both item- to-item associations and serial position-to- item associations are formed in short-term memory, that only two or three serial position cues are used, but that these serial position cue groups can be hierarchically organized into a beginning, middle, and end group and a starting, middle and end position within a group. Expand
Serial position effects in immediate serial recall
Summary This study examined the effects of serial position and length of series on immediate serial recall. Arrangements of either 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9 English consonants were presented according toExpand
Interresponse times in serial recall: effects of intraserial repetition.
  • M. Kahana, J. Jacobs
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2000
TLDR
The authors examine the effects of intraserial repetition on multitrial serial learning of random consonant lists, analyzing both learning rates and perfect trial interresponse times to reveal a latency analogue of the Ranschburg pattern seen in accuracy data. Expand
Short-Term Memory for Serial Order: The Start-End Model
  • R. Henson
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • 1998
TLDR
Simulations confirm SEM's ability to capture the main phenomena in serial recall, such as the effects of primacy, recency, list length, grouping, modality, redundant suffices, proactive interference, retention interval, and phonological similarity. Expand
A Production System Theory of Serial Memory
A theory is described that provides a detailed model of how people recall serial lists of items. This theory is based on the Adaptive Character of Thought-Rational (ACT-R) production system (J. R.Expand
The role of verbal output time in the effects of word length on immediate memory.
In three experiments, we examined the role of delays within overt verbal responding in causing effects of word length on immediate recall. Although a phonological memory decay mechanism has beenExpand
Modality differences in relation to grouping in immediate recall.
TLDR
Results of visual presentation for auditory grouped presentation of digit strings suggest a use of echoic storage, over long intervals; in the visual case this is not so and an output buffer is employed. Expand
Perceptual organization and precategorical acoustic storage.
  • C. Frankish
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1989
TLDR
Previous research that implies the existence of an auditory store with a capacity greater than previously attributed to PAS is discussed, suggesting that list segmentation by pauses and by item attributes must be explained in terms of a single process. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...