Decomposing the emotional Stroop effect

@article{Frings2010DecomposingTE,
  title={Decomposing the emotional Stroop effect},
  author={Christian Frings and Julia Englert and Dirk Wentura and Christina Bermeitinger},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology},
  year={2010},
  volume={63},
  pages={42 - 49}
}
The emotional Stroop effect refers to the phenomenon that participants are faster in responding to the ink colour of neutral than of negative word stimuli, possibly reflecting fast and automatic allocation of attention towards negative stimuli. However, this interpretation was challenged by McKenna and Sharma (2004) who found that the emotional Stroop effect reflected a generic slowdown after negative stimuli. In fact, they even found reversed effects in a design in which neutral stimuli more… Expand

Tables and Topics from this paper

Theoretical Analysis of Emotional Stroop Effect Mechanisms
In this paper we present an overview of studies of the mechanisms of emotional Stroop effect. Emotional Stroop effect is one of the possible ways to demonstrate emotional information processing. ItExpand
A Controlled Approach to the Emotional Dilution of the Stroop Effect
TLDR
No matter how attention towards emotional information builds up over time, the findings indicate that attentional resources are not fully captured by negative words, at odds with claims that other processing resources are diminished through the failure to disengage attention from emotional information. Expand
Disentangling fast and slow attentional influences of negative and taboo spoken words in the emotional Stroop paradigm
TLDR
Interestingly, while the presentation of a negative word only delayed the processing of the immediately subsequent neutral word, slow effects of taboo words were long-lasting, suggesting that once participants develop strategies to perform the task, attention-grabbing effects of emotional words disappear. Expand
The locus of the emotional Stroop effect: a study with the PRP paradigm.
TLDR
The results imply that irrelevant valence-laden stimulation delays capacity-limited processes, and it is suggested that this is a late perceptual process acting on stimulus categorization. Expand
The facilitating effect of positive emotions during an emotional Stroop task
TLDR
The study’s findings suggest that positive emotions can be detected quickly and automatically, and that this kind of prioritizing facilitates the ongoing cognitive processing. Expand
When emotion does and does not impair performance: A Garner theory of the emotional Stroop effect
TLDR
It is shown that task-irrelevant dimensions that differ in salience can produce the ESE and mimic it with neutral stimuli and that when emotion stimuli are correlated with features of the ongoing task they help task performance not least due to their extreme salience. Expand
Conditioned task-set competition: Neural mechanisms of emotional interference in depression
TLDR
This study proposes a novel integrative computational model of neural mechanisms of both the classical and emotional Stroop effects, drawing on the previous prominent theoretical explanations of performance at the classical Stroop task, and suggests that negative emotional words represent conditioned stimuli for future negative outcomes. Expand
Temperament and Attentional Bias in Vocal Emotional Stroop Tasks
Human information processing is influenced by the affective quality of pleasant and unpleasant stimuli. A widely known example is the emotional variant of the colour–naming Stroop task. AlthoughExpand
Is the emotional Stroop task a special case of mood induction? Evidence from sustained effects of attention under emotion
TLDR
In a series of four experiments, it is showed that sustained effects do occur when habituation is removed, and it is shown that the massive exposure to negative stimuli within the ESE paradigm induces a commensurately negative mood. Expand
The role of valence in word processing: Evidence from lexical decision and emotional Stroop tasks.
TLDR
Results revealed a significant processing advantage for positive words over negative and neutral words in the lexical decision task, whereas valence alone did not produce any significant effects in the emotional Stroop task. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
The automaticity of emotional Stroop: a meta-analysis.
  • R. H. Phaf, K. Kan
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry
  • 2007
TLDR
In a meta-analysis of 70 published emotional Stroop studies the largest effects occurred when presentation of threat words was blocked, suggesting a strong contribution by slow interference, but evidence for interference in suboptimal presentation conditions is not found. Expand
A rational look at the emotional stroop phenomenon: a generic slowdown, not a stroop effect.
TLDR
The experiments showed that reading, lexical decision, and color naming all are slower with emotional words and that this delay is immune to task-irrelevant variation and to changes in the relative salience of the words and the colors. Expand
Reversing the emotional Stroop effect reveals that it is not what it seems: the role of fast and slow components.
  • F. McKenna, D. Sharma
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2004
TLDR
The slow component, neglected in previous research, was shown to lead to the prediction of a reversed emotional intrusion effect using pseudorandomly mixed negative and neutral stimuli, and this prediction was supported in Experiments 1 and 2. Expand
Generalizability of carry-over effects in the emotional Stroop task.
TLDR
It is shown that the carry-over effect is present in heroin addicts-but not control subjects-in a heroin Stroop task, and in normal subjects in a stress Strooptask, and the effect generalizes to other populations. Expand
Sequential modulations of valence processing in the emotional Stroop task.
TLDR
It is suggested that these sequential modulations of the processing of irrelevant valence information reflect automatic self-regulatory selection processes that help to keep the balance between attending to task-relevant information and task-irrelevant information that signals important changes in the environment. Expand
Carry-over effects can modulate emotional Stroop effects
The emotional Stroop task has been widely used to examine attentional bias in a variety of psychological disorders. In one format of this task, words are presented to participants in a mixedExpand
Event-related potentials during an emotional Stroop task.
TLDR
It is concluded that ERPs are a sensitive measure of processes underlying emotional Stroop performance, which can be used to elucidate attentional biases in healthy and clinical populations. Expand
[A fair test of the spreading activation hypothesis: a study of affective congruency effects in the Stroop test].
  • K. Rothermund, D. Wentura
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Zeitschrift fur experimentelle Psychologie : Organ der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Psychologie
  • 1998
TLDR
The present results are not compatible with the hypothesis of an automatic affective spreading of activation that was given as an explanation of affective congruency effects in previous studies using different tasks. Expand
Modelling the slow emotional stroop effect: Suppression of cognitive control
Our connectionist model provides a theoretical explanation for the existence of slow and fast emotional Stroop effects, and depicts them as independent but interacting phenomena. We build uponExpand
The emotional Stroop task and psychopathology.
TLDR
The authors review research showing that patients are often slower to name the color of a word associated with concerns relevant to their clinical condition and address the causes and mechanisms underlying the phenomenon, focusing on J.L. McClelland's parallel distributed processing model. Expand
...
1
2
3
...