Decoding the Mediterranean salinity crisis

@article{Ryan2009DecodingTM,
  title={Decoding the Mediterranean salinity crisis},
  author={William B. F. Ryan},
  journal={Sedimentology},
  year={2009},
  volume={56}
}
  • W. Ryan
  • Published 1 January 2009
  • Environmental Science
  • Sedimentology
This historical narrative traces the steps to unravel, over a span of 40 years, an extraordinary event in which 5% of the dissolved salt of the oceans of the world was extracted in a fraction of a million years to form a deposit more than 1 million km3 in volume. A buried abyssal salt layer was identified with reflection profiling and sampled during the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 13. The dolomite, gypsum, anhydrite and halite in the drill cores paint a surprising picture of a Mediterranean… 
The Zanclean megaflood of the Mediterranean – Searching for independent evidence
The Messinian Salinity Crisis: Past and future of a great challenge for marine sciences
Evaporation of marine basins: a review of evaporite formation and Messinian Salinity Crisis
The Mediterranean Sea experienced an extraordinary event at the end of the Miocene, when massive evaporites formed rapidly between 5.97 and 5.33 Ma. This event is referred to as the Messinian
Geodynamic responses to a two-step model of the Messinian salinity crisis
  • W. Ryan
  • Geology, Environmental Science
  • 2011
There is a growing consensus that the sulfates and halite within the massive evaporite deposits on the shallow margin and deep floor of the Mediterranean sea formed in two steps. Both phases had
The Gibraltar Corridor: Watergate of the Messinian Salinity Crisis
Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar arc
TLDR
Numerical modelling suggests that the competition between uplift and erosion can result in harmonic coupling between erosion and the Mediterranean sea level, providing an alternative mechanism for the cyclicity observed in early salt precipitation deposits and calling into question previous ideas regarding the timing of the events that occurred during the Messinian salinity crisis.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 275 REFERENCES
Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian salinity crisis
The Messinian salinity crisis is widely regarded as one of the most dramatic episodes of oceanic change of the past 20 or so million years (refs 1–3). Earliest explanations were that extremely thick
Of sills and straits: a quantitative assessment of the Messinian Salinity Crisis
  • P. Blanc
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2000
Biodynamics, saline giants and late miocene catastrophism
  • R. H. Benson
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Carbonates and Evaporites
  • 1991
The Messinian Salinity Crisis is several crises that fit the context of catastrophic modeling of the history of a Mediterranean “saline giant.” Of the explanations available, we prefer the
Messinian salinity crisis and its paleogeographical implications
Sr isotope constraints on the Mediterranean environment at the end of the Messinian salinity crisis
PROBABLY the most profound event that has affected the Mediter-ranean is the desiccation which occurred at the end of the Miocene1–8. During this period, there was a very rapid change from deep,
Significance of the upper miocene coral reefs of the Western Mediterranean
Messinian badlands on the southeastern margin of the Mediterranean Sea
The opening of the Plio-Quaternary Gibraltar Strait: assessing the size of a cataclysm
  • P. Blanc
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2002
Abstract The widespread Lago-Mare facies show that the Mediterranean was fully isolated from the World Ocean at the end of the Messinian salinity crisis (MSC): the Plio-Quaternary Gibraltar Strait
...
...