Decoding the Mediterranean salinity crisis

  title={Decoding the Mediterranean salinity crisis},
  author={William B. F. Ryan},
  • W. Ryan
  • Published 1 January 2009
  • Environmental Science
  • Sedimentology
This historical narrative traces the steps to unravel, over a span of 40 years, an extraordinary event in which 5% of the dissolved salt of the oceans of the world was extracted in a fraction of a million years to form a deposit more than 1 million km3 in volume. A buried abyssal salt layer was identified with reflection profiling and sampled during the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 13. The dolomite, gypsum, anhydrite and halite in the drill cores paint a surprising picture of a Mediterranean… 

The Zanclean megaflood of the Mediterranean – Searching for independent evidence

The Messinian Salinity Crisis: Past and future of a great challenge for marine sciences

Evaporation of marine basins: a review of evaporite formation and Messinian Salinity Crisis

The Mediterranean Sea experienced an extraordinary event at the end of the Miocene, when massive evaporites formed rapidly between 5.97 and 5.33 Ma. This event is referred to as the Messinian

Geodynamic responses to a two-step model of the Messinian salinity crisis

    W. Ryan
    Geology, Environmental Science
  • 2011
There is a growing consensus that the sulfates and halite within the massive evaporite deposits on the shallow margin and deep floor of the Mediterranean sea formed in two steps. Both phases had

The Gibraltar Corridor: Watergate of the Messinian Salinity Crisis

Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar arc

Numerical modelling suggests that the competition between uplift and erosion can result in harmonic coupling between erosion and the Mediterranean sea level, providing an alternative mechanism for the cyclicity observed in early salt precipitation deposits and calling into question previous ideas regarding the timing of the events that occurred during the Messinian salinity crisis.

Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian salinity crisis

The Messinian salinity crisis is widely regarded as one of the most dramatic episodes of oceanic change of the past 20 or so million years (refs 1–3). Earliest explanations were that extremely thick

Of sills and straits: a quantitative assessment of the Messinian Salinity Crisis

    P. Blanc
    Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2000

Biodynamics, saline giants and late miocene catastrophism

    R. H. Benson
    Geography, Environmental Science
    Carbonates and Evaporites
  • 1991
The Messinian Salinity Crisis is several crises that fit the context of catastrophic modeling of the history of a Mediterranean “saline giant.” Of the explanations available, we prefer the

Messinian salinity crisis and its paleogeographical implications

Sr isotope constraints on the Mediterranean environment at the end of the Messinian salinity crisis

PROBABLY the most profound event that has affected the Mediter-ranean is the desiccation which occurred at the end of the Miocene1–8. During this period, there was a very rapid change from deep,

Significance of the upper miocene coral reefs of the Western Mediterranean

Messinian badlands on the southeastern margin of the Mediterranean Sea

The opening of the Plio-Quaternary Gibraltar Strait: assessing the size of a cataclysm

    P. Blanc
    Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2002
Abstract The widespread Lago-Mare facies show that the Mediterranean was fully isolated from the World Ocean at the end of the Messinian salinity crisis (MSC): the Plio-Quaternary Gibraltar Strait