Declining Incidence of Catastrophic Cervical Spine Injuries in French Rugby: 1996-2006

@article{Bohu2009DecliningIO,
  title={Declining Incidence of Catastrophic Cervical Spine Injuries in French Rugby: 1996-2006},
  author={Yoann Bohu and Marc Julia and Christian Bagate and Jean Claude Peyrin and J P Colonna and Patricia Thoreux and Hugues Pascal-Moussellard},
  journal={The American Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={2009},
  volume={37},
  pages={319 - 323}
}
Purpose To investigate the incidence and the risk factors of catastrophic cervical spine injuries in French rugby. Study Design Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods The patients included had cervical spine injuries causing neurological disorder classified from the ASIA scale, grade A to D. A retrospective review of all cases that occurred between the 1996-1997 and the 2005-2006 seasons was made. Circumstances of the injuries and of the clinical outcome were collected by interview. Results… 
Incidence, severity, aetiology and type of neck injury in men's amateur rugby union: a prospective cohort study
TLDR
This is the first prospective cohort study in an amateur men's rugby union population since the inception of professionalism that presents injury rate, severity, aetiology and injury type data for neck injury.
Clinical and radiological cervical spine evaluation in retired professional rugby players.
TLDR
A few years after retirement, former professional rugbyPlayers seem to have more frequent cervical spine pain and MRI degenerative lesions, such as foraminal stenosis and narrowing of the spinal canal, compared with controls who had not been professional rugby players.
Cervical Spine Injuries in Athletes
Millions of children suffer sports-related injuries every year. The incidence of cervical spine injuries is low, but the consequences can be catastrophic. The pattern of injury has changed over the
Rugby Injuries: Epidemiology and Mechanism
TLDR
The shoulder, cervical spine and knee are lesion sites that have a pathophysiology and a peculiar incidence in rugby players: for this reason the detailed mechanisms involved are described and it is concluded that the incidence of musculoskeletal injury in rugby is lower than one could expect despite rugby is a high-energy sport.
Epidemiology of Catastrophic Spine Injuries in High School, College, and Professional Sports
TLDR
Several sports have a greater risk of catastrophic spinal injuries: football, ice hockey, cheerleading, wrestling, swimming and diving, snow skiing and snowboarding, rugby, and baseball.
Cervical spine trauma: prevention strategies.
  • E. E. Swartz
  • Medicine, Education
    Handbook of clinical neurology
  • 2018
Catastrophic injuries among young athletes
  • E. Zemper
  • Medicine, Education
    British Journal of Sports Medicine
  • 2009
TLDR
What is known about the rate of occurrence of direct catastrophic injuries in youth sports, the risk factors for these injuries, injury mechanisms and what can be done to prevent them in various youth sports are reviewed.
The Protective Role of Cervical Spinal Muscle Masses in Sports Related Trauma
TLDR
The biomechanical basis of the protective effect of the cervical musculature and the neurophysiological aspects of trauma prevention and a brief overview of preventative strategies of the French Rugby Federation are described.
Evaluating the Implementation of Injury Prevention Strategies in Rugby Union and League: A Systematic Review using the RE-AIM Framework.
TLDR
Whether injury prevention interventions in rugby have evaluated their 'reach', 'effectiveness', 'adoption', 'implementation' and 'maintenance' as per the RE-AIM Multi-Dimension Item Checklist is determined.
Cervical range of motion, cervical and shoulder strength in senior versus age-grade Rugby Union International front-row forwards.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 13 REFERENCES
Disabling injuries of the cervical spine in Argentine rugby over the last 20 years.
TLDR
The forwards suffered a higher number of injuries than the backs and this difference was statistically significant, and the chance of injury for hookers was statistically higher than for the rest of the players and it was particularly linked to scrummaging.
A Retrospective Study of Cervical Spine Injuries in American Rugby, 1970 to 1994
TLDR
It is found that coaching is less consistent in the United States, and players with more weight and less experience are playing positions that require significant skill, while in world competition junior-level athletes sustained only 30% to 40% of the cervical spine injuries.
Rugby Union Injuries to the Cervical Spine and Spinal Cord
TLDR
Research into the long-term effects of participation in rugby on the integrity of the spinal column is warranted, and well-designed epidemiological studies will be able to provide more accurate information about potential risk factors for injury such as age, grade, position, gender and ethnicity.
Spinal injuries in Irish rugby: a ten-year review.
TLDR
The most common mechanism of injury was hyperflexion of the cervical spine and the players injured most frequently were playing at full back, hooker or on the wing.
Rugby injuries to the cervical spine and spinal cord: a 10-year review.
  • A. Scher
  • Medicine
    Clinics in sports medicine
  • 1998
Occurrence of Cervical Spine Injuries During the Rugby Scrum
TLDR
In the rugby scrum in the U.S., the hooker suffers most of the cervical spine injuries and this position is by far the most vulnerable, and hookers were injured significantly more than props.
Spinal injuries in rugby union, 1970–2003: lessons and responsibilities
TLDR
Rugby union authorities’ responsibilities should include establishing and maintaining national and international spinal injury registers to forge closer working relationships with medical researchers and to enhance and develop preventive measures.
Effect of nationwide injury prevention programme on serious spinal injuries in New Zealand rugby union: ecological study
TLDR
The introduction of the RugbySmart programme coincided with a reduction in the rate of disabling spinal injuries arising from scrums in rugby union, exemplifies the benefit of educational initiatives in injury prevention and the need for comprehensive injury surveillance systems for evaluating injury prevention initiatives in sport.
Injuries of the spine sustained during rugby.
TLDR
It was concluded that the law changes had resulted in a dramatic fall in the number of players injured, that it was the less fit and less skilled players that were getting injured, and that the laws were adequate but were not being enforced.
Injuries of the spine sustained in rugby.
TLDR
Changes in the laws of the game and in the attitudes of the players over the past few years should improve play and lead to a lower incidence of injuries.
...
...