Declining Dixie: Regional Identification in the Modern American South

  title={Declining Dixie: Regional Identification in the Modern American South},
  author={Christopher A. Cooper and H. Gibbs Knotts},
  journal={Social Forces},
  pages={1083 - 1101}
We replicate and extend John Shelton Reed’s classic work on regional identification by examining and modeling the prevalence of the words “Dixie” and “Southern” in business names across 100 cities and four decades. We find that the instances of “Dixie” have dropped precipitously, although identification with the word “Southern” has remained more constant, providing evidence of a trend we term re-southernization. We also find that the relative number of blacks in the population provides the most… 

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