Decline in top predator body size and changing climate alter trophic structure in an oceanic ecosystem.

@article{Shackell2010DeclineIT,
  title={Decline in top predator body size and changing climate alter trophic structure in an oceanic ecosystem.},
  author={Nancy L. Shackell and Kenneth T. Frank and Jonathan A. D. Fisher and Brian Petrie and William C. Leggett},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  year={2010},
  volume={277 1686},
  pages={1353-60}
}
Globally, overfishing large-bodied groundfish populations has resulted in substantial increases in their prey populations. Where it has been examined, the effects of overfishing have cascaded down the food chain. In an intensively fished area on the western Scotian Shelf, Northwest Atlantic, the biomass of prey species increased exponentially (doubling time of 11 years) even though the aggregate biomass of their predators remained stable over 38 years. Concomitant reductions in herbivorous… CONTINUE READING
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