Decline and unevenness of infant mortality in Salvador, Brazil, 1980-1988.


Data relating to infant mortality in Salvador, Brazil, were analyzed in order to determine how infant mortality evolved in various parts of the city during the period 1980-1988. This analysis showed sharp drops in the numbers of infant deaths, proportional infant mortality (infant deaths as a percentage of total deaths), and the infant mortality coefficient (infant deaths per thousand live births) during the study period despite deteriorating economic conditions. It also suggested that while these declines occurred throughout the city, the overall distribution of infant mortality in different reporting zones remained uneven. Among other things, these findings call attention to a need for further investigation of the roles played by various health measures (including immunization, control of respiratory and diarrheal diseases, encouragement of breast-feeding, and monitoring of growth and development) and of reduced fertility (resulting from birth spacing, use of contraceptives, and female sterilization) in bringing about declines in infant mortality during hard economic times.

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Cite this paper

@article{Paim1993DeclineAU, title={Decline and unevenness of infant mortality in Salvador, Brazil, 1980-1988.}, author={Jairnilson da Silva Paim and Miguel Cerqueira da Costa}, journal={Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization}, year={1993}, volume={27 1}, pages={1-14} }