Declarative memory and skill-related knowledge: Evidence from a case study of amnesia and implications for theories of memory

@article{Gregory2016DeclarativeMA,
  title={Declarative memory and skill-related knowledge: Evidence from a case study of amnesia and implications for theories of memory},
  author={Emma Gregory and Michael McCloskey and Zoe Ovans and Barbara Landau},
  journal={Cognitive Neuropsychology},
  year={2016},
  volume={33},
  pages={220 - 240}
}
ABSTRACT Theoretical and empirical studies of memory have long been framed by a distinction between declarative and non-declarative memory. We question the sharpness of the distinction by reporting evidence from amnesic L.S.J., who despite retrograde memory losses in declarative knowledge domains, shows sparing of declarative knowledge related to premorbid skill (e.g., playing an instrument). We previously showed that L.S.J. had severe losses of retrograde declarative knowledge across areas of… 
Revisiting the Role of the Medial Temporal Lobe in Motor Learning
TLDR
Although MTL-dependent memory processes are not necessary for some motor learning to occur, they play a significant role in the acquisition, implementation, and retrieval of action selection strategies and have implications for the understanding of the neural correlates of motor learning, the psychological mechanisms of skill, and the theory of multiple memory systems.
Conceptual knowledge representation: A cross-section of current research
TLDR
This special issue of Cognitive Neuropsychology takes stock of current efforts to answer the question of how is conceptual knowledge encoded in the brain through a variety of methods and perspectives.
Functions of ventral visual cortex after bilateral hippocampal loss
TLDR
The findings suggest that visual cortex can support one-shot perceptual memories lasting for several minutes but that the hippocampus is necessary for adaptation in visual cortex after longer delays when stimuli are task-relevant.
Declarative Knowledge and Students’ Academic Achievement in Map Reading
TLDR
It was found that numerical ability had a significant main effect on students’ acquisition of declarative knowledge, with high numerical ability subjects performing better than their average and low ability counterparts.
The role of the practice order: A systematic review about contextual interference in children
TLDR
There is a severe limitation of good-quality evidence about the CI effect in children who practice different tasks in one session, especially in children with brain lesions.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 40 REFERENCES
Profound loss of general knowledge in retrograde amnesia: evidence from an amnesic artist
TLDR
Results show that retrograde amnesia can involve broad and deep deficits across a range of general world knowledge domains, and that losses that have already been well-documented may severely underestimate the nature of human knowledge impairment that can occur in retro grade amnesia.
Motor skill depends on knowledge of facts
TLDR
Reflection on the specifics of H.M.M.'s case, as well as other research on the nature of skill, indicates that learning to become skilled at a motor task depends also on knowledge-based selection of the right actions, with both acuity and knowledge increasing with practice.
Dissociating the memory systems mediating complex tool knowledge and skills
The cognitive neuroscience of remote episodic, semantic and spatial memory
Preserved learning and retention of pattern-analyzing skill in amnesia: dissociation of knowing how and knowing that.
TLDR
The results indicate that the class of preserved learning skills in amnesia is broader than previously reported and support the hypothesis that such a distinction is honored by the nervous system.
New Learning of Music after Bilateral Medial Temporal Lobe Damage: Evidence from an Amnesic Patient
TLDR
Although learning in simple motor tasks has been previously observed in amnesic patients, the results demonstrate that non-hippocampal structures can support complex learning of novel musical sequences for music performance.
What H.M. Taught Us
  • H. Eichenbaum
  • Psychology, Biology
    Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
  • 2013
TLDR
A consideration of these studies suggests the new observations serve to support the original findings on H.M. and improve the understanding of the memory functions of the hippocampal system.
The cognitive neuroscience of human memory since H.M.
TLDR
Focus is placed on the neuroanatomy of medial temporal lobe and diencephalic structures important for memory, multiple memory systems, visual perception, immediate memory, memory consolidation, the locus of long-term memory storage, the concepts of recollection and familiarity, and the question of how different medialporal lobe structures may contribute differently to memory functions.
The Necessity of the Medial Temporal Lobe for Statistical Learning
TLDR
Findings provide converging support for the importance of the MTL in extracting temporal regularities, in a case study of LSJ, a patient with complete bilateral hippocampal loss and broader MTL damage.
...
1
2
3
4
...