Decision under psychological pressure: The shooter's anxiety at the penalty kick

  title={Decision under psychological pressure: The shooter's anxiety at the penalty kick},
  author={Luc Arrondel and Richard Duhautois and Jean-François Laslier},
  journal={Journal of Economic Psychology},
The Impact of Psychological Traits on Performance Under Pressure—Experimental Evidence of Handball Penalties
Our field experiment analyzes the influence of psychological traits on performance in sequential games. It uses handball penalties thrown under individual, team, or tournament incentives in the ABBA
Self-Control in Aiming Supports Coping With Psychological Pressure in Soccer Penalty Kicks
Findings indicate that increased self-control helps coping with the debilitating effects of pressure and can counter performance deteriorations.
Psychological Pressure and the Right to Determine the Moves in Dynamic Tournaments – Evidence from a Natural Field Experiment
In this paper, we show that the right to determine the sequence of moves in a dynamic team tournament improves the chances of winning the contest. Because studying dynamic team tournaments – like R&D
Performance under Pressure on the Court: Evidence from Professional Volleyball
This study analyzes how psychological pressure affects performance. It refers to the discussion on differences between choking, i.e., an acute performance decline under pressure and underperformance
Fairness in penalty shootouts: Is it worth using dynamic sequences?
Seven soccer penalty shootout rules that determine the kicking order are compared, from a theoretical perspective, in a reasonable model of First Mover Advantage to impact decisionmakers who can guarantee fairer outcomes in dynamic tournaments by a carefully chosen sequence of actions.
A comprehensive analysis of soccer penalty shootout designs
An extensive overview of seven soccer penalty shootout mechanisms and their fairness is analysed in three different mathematical models of psychological pressure, which finds some rules are found to be inferior as they do not lead to a substantial gain in fairness compared to simpler mechanisms.
A mathematical analysis of fairness in shootouts
It is shown that, for a sudden death, no repetitive sequence can be fair and the so-called Prohuet–Thue–Morse sequence is not fair, and an algorithm that outputs a fair sequence whenever one exists is found.
A comparison of penalty shootout designs in soccer
The Adjusted Catch-Up Rule is introduced by guaranteeing the first penalty of the possible sudden death stage to the team disadvantaged in the first round, which outperforms the Catch- up and Alternating Rules, while remains straightforward to implement.


Do Professionals Choke Under Pressure?
Are penalty shoot-outs racist?
Objectives The acceptance of penalty shoot-outs in the knockout stages international football tournaments is based on the belief that they have face validity by involving a football skill, that they
Kicks from the penalty mark in soccer: The roles of stress,skill, and fatigue for kick outcomes
It was concluded that psychological components are most influential for the outcome of penalty kicks, whereas skill and fatigue were less, or not, related to outcome.
Psychological Pressure in Competitive Environments: Evidence from a Randomized Natural Experiment
Much like cognitive abilities, emotional skills can have major effects on perfor mance and economic outcomes. This paper studies the behavior of professional subjects involved in a dynamic
Dueling in the penalty box: evidence-based recommendations on how shooters and goalkeepers can win penalty shootouts in soccer
In soccer, penalty kicks can decide the outcome of a match and in recent years, much effort has been invested in trying to identify the factors that influence successful performance. This overview
On winning the penalty shoot-out in soccer
A probability analysis of the penalty shoot-out in soccer is reported from which the tactical substitution of on-field players for higher ranked penalty takers, including higher Ranked penalty stoppers (i.e. goalkeepers), with a view to an impending penaltyshoot-out should be given due consideration are indicated.
The "Russian roulette" of soccer?: Perceived control and anxiety in a major tournament penalty shootout
Kicks from the penalty mark (official term for the "penalty shootout") are regularly featured in major soccer tournaments to determine the outcome of tied games. Based on the
Behaviors of shooter and goalkeeper interact to determine the outcome of soccer penalties
It is found that faster shots lead to earlier leave times and were less likely blocked by goalkeepers, and—unlike most previous studies—that deceptive shooting strategies did not decrease the likelihood goalkeepers moved in the correct direction.
Modeling the Effects of Psychological Pressure on First-Mover Advantage in Competitive Interactions
This work constructs a formal model of soccer penalty shoot-outs to determine the links between psychological pressure and first-mover advantage (FMA) and demonstrates that psychological pressure leads to FMA in shoot-out; however, this relationship can vary depending on a variety of different factors.
Analysis of the keeper-dependent strategy in the soccer penalty kick
The penalty kick plays a decisive role in the outcome of many Association Football (soccer) matches, and it is important for the kicker to choose the best strategy to score. This paper looked at the