Decision-making deficits in patients diagnosed with disordered gambling using the Cambridge Gambling task: the effects of substance use disorder comorbidity

@article{Zois2014DecisionmakingDI,
  title={Decision-making deficits in patients diagnosed with disordered gambling using the Cambridge Gambling task: the effects of substance use disorder comorbidity},
  author={Evangelos Zois and Noreen Kortlang and Sabine Vollst{\"a}dt-Klein and Tagrid Lem{\'e}nager and Martin Beutel and Karl F. Mann and Mira Fauth-B{\"u}hler},
  journal={Brain and Behavior},
  year={2014},
  volume={4},
  pages={484 - 494}
}
Disordered gambling (DG) has often been associated with impaired decision‐making abilities, suggesting a dysfunction in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC). 
Executive Functioning in Gambling Disorder: Cognitive Profiles and Associations with Clinical Outcomes
Gambling disorder shares neurobiological and clinical symptoms with substance use disorders; however, it remains unclear if they share executive functioning deficits that compromise gambling
Decreased information processing speed and decision-making performance in alcohol use disorder: combined neurostructural evidence from VBM and TBSS
TLDR
The lack of choice impairments other than increased deliberation time highlights reduced processing speed, mediated both by grey-matter and white-matter alterations, as a possible marker of a generalized executive impairment extending to the output stages of decision-making.
Decision-making in panic disorder. Preliminary report.
TLDR
There were no statistically significant differences with regard to CGT assessed decision-making between drug-naive PD patients and healthy controls and total impulsivity and its attentional and motor dimensions were significantly higher in panic disorder patients versus healthy controls.
Frontal cortex gray matter volume alterations in pathological gambling occur independently from substance use disorder
TLDR
This investigation is the first to examine gray matter (GM) volume alterations in PG controlling for the impact of SUD by comparing non‐comorbid (PGPURE) and two comor bid (PGALCOHOL and PGPOLY) groups and demonstrated specific frontal cortex GM deficits in PG without SUD comorbidities.
Decision-Making Under Risk, but Not Under Ambiguity, Predicts Pathological Gambling in Discrete Types of Abstinent Substance Users
TLDR
Results indicate that reward-based decision-making under risk may represent a risk factor for PG across substance users, with some variations in these relationships influenced by specific class of substance of abuse.
Affective cognition in bipolar disorder: A systematic review by the ISBD targeting cognition task force
TLDR
A systematic review to identify the most consistent findings in affective cognition in bipolar disorder and provide suggestions for affective cognitive domains for future study and meta‐analyses.
Increased decision latency in alcohol use disorder reflects altered resting-state synchrony in the anterior salience network
TLDR
Novel insights are provided into the intrinsic neural mechanisms underlying increased decision latency in AUD, involving decreased temporal synchronicity in networks promoting executive control by behaviourally relevant stimuli.
The impact of cognitive impairment and impulsivity on relapse of alcohol‐dependent patients: implications for psychotherapeutic treatment
TLDR
Investigation of deficits in different components of cognitive functions including behavioural inhibition in response to alcohol‐related stimuli in alcohol‐dependent patients (ADP) and healthy controls and moderation analysis showed that patients with many previous detoxifications and large deficits in response inhibition showed the highest relapse risk.
Changes in Loss Sensitivity During Treatment in Concurrent Disorders Inpatients: A Computational Model Approach to Assessing Risky Decision-Making
TLDR
While both traditional and computational outcomes predicted treatment adherence in patients, findings suggest computational methods are able to capture treatment-sensitive aspects of decision-making not accessible via traditional methods.
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 64 REFERENCES
Decision-making deficits of korsakoff patients in a new gambling task with explicit rules: associations with executive functions.
TLDR
Results show that Korsakoff patients are strongly impaired in this explicit decision-making task and that these disturbances are correlated with specific executive functions.
Decision-making impairments in patients with pathological gambling
Frontal lobe dysfunction in pathological gambling patients
Risk-taking on tests sensitive to ventromedial prefrontal cortex dysfunction predicts early relapse in alcohol dependency: a pilot study.
TLDR
The authors suggest that the use of neuropsychological tasks of decision making may have several advantages over more conventional strategies for studying alcoholism.
Problem gamblers share deficits in impulsive decision-making with alcohol-dependent individuals
TLDR
The problem gamblers and alcohol-dependent groups displayed impairments in risky decision-making and cognitive impulsivity relative to controls, and shared deficits in tasks linked to ventral prefrontal cortical dysfunction.
Orbitofrontal cortex dysfunction in abstinent cocaine abusers performing a decision-making task
Neuropsychological predictors of clinical outcome in opiate addiction.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...