Decentralizing the Origin of Civilization: Early Archaeological Efforts in China

  title={Decentralizing the Origin of Civilization: Early Archaeological Efforts in China},
  author={Peng Peng},
  journal={History of Humanities},
  pages={515 - 548}
  • P. Peng
  • Published 1 September 2021
  • History
  • History of Humanities
In the early 1920s, J. G. Andersson discovered the Yangshao culture of prehistoric China and, in the name of science, reiterated the age-old postulation that “Chinese culture had a ‘Western’ origin.” In Andersson’s time, archaeology was frequently explained using the framework of diffusionism to understand human prehistory and civilization. To the hyperdiffusionists, civilization was perceived to have originated in the Middle East before it spread elsewhere and acquired regional variations. The… 



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