Decarbonizing the international shipping industry: Solutions and policy recommendations.

@article{Wan2018DecarbonizingTI,
  title={Decarbonizing the international shipping industry: Solutions and policy recommendations.},
  author={Zheng Wan and Abdel El Makhloufi and Yang Chen and Jiayuan Tang},
  journal={Marine pollution bulletin},
  year={2018},
  volume={126},
  pages={
          428-435
        }
}
Ship-source greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could increase by up to 250% by 2050 from their 2012 levels, owing to increasing global freight volumes. Binding international legal agreements to regulate GHGs, however, are lacking as technical solutions remain expensive, and crucial industrial support is absent. In 2003, the International Maritime Organization adopted Resolution A.963 (23) to regulate shipping CO2 emissions via technical, operational, and market-based routes. However, progress has… CONTINUE READING
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