Debunking Myths about Trauma and Memory

  title={Debunking Myths about Trauma and Memory},
  author={Richard J McNally},
  journal={The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={817 - 822}
  • R. McNally
  • Published 1 November 2005
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
How trauma victims remember—or forget—their most horrific experiences lies at the heart of the most bitter controversy in psychiatry and psychology in recent times. Whereas experts maintain that traumatic events—those experienced as overwhelmingly terrifying at the time of their occurrence—are remembered all too well, traumatic amnesia theorists disagree. Although these theorists acknowledge that trauma is often seemingly engraved on memory, they nevertheless maintain that a significant… 
Recollective Accuracy of Traumatic Memories
How trauma victims remember—or forget—their most traumatic experiences has been a controversial issue in psychiatry and psychology for many years now. Whereas experts maintain that traumatic events
The Return of the Repressed: The Persistent and Problematic Claims of Long-Forgotten Trauma
  • H. Otgaar, M. L. Howe, +4 authors E. Loftus
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2019
It is demonstrated that the belief in repressed memories occurs on a nontrivial scale and appears to have increased among clinical psychologists since the 1990s, and that the scientifically controversial concept of dissociative amnesia, which is argued is a substitute term for memory repression, has gained in popularity.
Remembrance, trauma and collective memory: The battle for memory in psychoanalysis
  • W. Bohleber
  • Medicine, Sociology
    The International journal of psycho-analysis
  • 2007
The author concludes that, in order to confront the problems posed by a multifaceted traumatic reality, it is also necessary to battle to restore memory to an appropriate place in psychoanalysis.
Re: Troubles in Traumatology, and Debunking Myths about Trauma and Memory
  • C. Cameron, A. Heber
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 2006
In his recent guest editorial, Richard McNally voices skepticism about the National Vietnam Veteran’s Readjustment Study (NVVRS) data reporting that over one-half of those who served in the Vietnam
“I can Almost Remember it Now”: Between Personal and Collective Memories of Massive Social Trauma
Abstract This article explores the psycho-social space between autobiographical and collective memory concerning massive social traumas. It is conceptualized that there is a third type of memory
How to Forget the Unforgettable? On Collective Trauma, Cultural Identity, and Mnemotechnologies
ABSTRACT Nietzsche’s notion of “active forgetting” is employed to better understand the disruptive and destructive influence of collective trauma on cultural identity. Throughout the article genocide
Reports of Recovered Memories in Therapy in Undergraduate Students.
Survey of undergraduates in the south of the United States suggests attempts to recover repressed memories in therapy may continue in the forthcoming generation of adults.
Linking thought suppression and recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse
Results showed that people reporting spontaneously recovered memories are superior in suppressing anxious autobiographical thoughts, both in the short term and long term, which may partly explain why people with spontaneous CSA memories have the subjective impression that they have "repressed" their CSA Memories for many years.
A theoretical framework for understanding recovered memory experiences.
  • C. Brewin
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation
  • 2012
Recovered memories, although unusual, do not contradict what the authors know about how memory works, and a comprehensive model of memory is recommended that distinguishes personal semantic memory, autobiographical event memory, and memory appraisal.
Believing in dissociative amnesia relates to claiming it: a survey of people’s experiences and beliefs about dissociative amnesia
The findings suggest that claiming dissociative amnesia goes hand in hand with believing in dissociatives, and many participants indicated to have at least once claimed to have feigned memory loss in their life, and that they experienced some form of forgetting when trying to retrieve events for which they lied upon.


The Science and Folklore of Traumatic Amnesia
Some clinical theorists believe that certain experiences are so overwhelmingly traumatic that many victims dissociate their memory for the experience (Cleaves, Smith, Butler, & Spiegel, this issue).
Betrayal Trauma: The Logic of Forgetting Childhood Abuse
In recent years a polarized debate, often polemical and vitriolic, has seized the attention of psychotherapists and the lay public about the influence of repressed or dissociated memories of childhood trauma in the etiology of adult psychopathology and distress.
Dissociation and the fragmentary nature of traumatic memories: overview and exploratory study.
The evidence implicating dissociation as the central pathogenic mechanism that gives rise to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is reviewed, and it is indicated that traumatic memories were retrieved, at least initially, in the form of dissociated mental imprints of sensory and affective elements of the traumatic experience.
Posttraumatic stress disorder: Malady or myth?
As more individuals bear witness to terrorist attacks, school shootings, or assaults, there has been an increase in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a diagnosis that has generated controversy
Memory and Emotion: The Making of Lasting Memories
Most of us remember where we were and what we were doing on September 11, 2001. Why do most experiences leave little trace while some-even terrible ordeals that people wish they could forget-leave
Recovered memories and false memories.
Introduction - what are memories? the troublesome unknowns about trauma and recovered memories events spoken and unspoken - implications of language and memory development for the recovered memory
The Body Keeps the Score: Memory and the Evolving Psychobiology of Posttraumatic Stress
Animal research suggests that intense emotional memories are processed outside of the hippo‐campally mediated memory system and are difficult to extinguish, having implications for both the psychotherapy and the pharmacotherapy of PTSD.
Clinical characteristics of adults reporting repressed, recovered, or continuous memories of childhood sexual abuse.
Recovered memory participants were not more likely to report abuse by a parent or stepparent than were continuous memory participants, and rates of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder did not differ between the continuous and recovered memory groups.
Recall of childhood trauma: a prospective study of women's memories of child sexual abuse.
  • L. Williams
  • Medicine
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1994
One hundred twenty-nine women with previously documented histories of sexual victimization in childhood were interviewed and asked detailed questions about their abuse histories to answer the
The Body Remembers: The Psychophysiology of Trauma and Trauma Treatment
When there are many people who don't need to expect something more than the benefits to take, the psychophysiology of trauma trauma treatment book will suggest you to have willing to reach all benefits.