Debating the Truth

@article{Wintersieck2017DebatingTT,
  title={Debating the Truth},
  author={Amanda Wintersieck},
  journal={American Politics Research},
  year={2017},
  volume={45},
  pages={304 - 331}
}
How does fact-checking influence individuals’ attitudes and evaluations of political candidates? Fact-checking plays an increasingly important role in U.S. elections, yet we know little about its impact on voters. To answer this question, I conduct an experiment utilizing one political debate from the 2013 New Jersey Gubernatorial race in combination with fact-checks that offer either confirming information or corrective information to determine how fact-checking influences evaluations of… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Message Matters: The Influence of Fact-Checking on Evaluations of Political Messages
TLDR
The content of fact-check messages are influential in altering assessments of candidates’ advertisements and the source of the fact-checking only modestly impacts assessments.
Taking Fact-Checks Literally But Not Seriously? The Effects of Journalistic Fact-Checking on Factual Beliefs and Candidate Favorability
Are citizens willing to accept journalistic fact-checks of misleading claims from candidates they support and to update their attitudes about those candidates? Previous studies have reached
Aggregated fact-checks, partisanship, and perceptions of candidate honesty
ABSTRACT Evidence of journalistic fact-checking’s capacity to correct misperceptions is mixed, and evidence of its capacity to alter candidate appraisals is even more limited. However, to date,
A fake news inoculation? Fact checkers, partisan identification, and the power of misinformation
ABSTRACT Previous research finds that misinformation is often difficult to correct once a person accepts it as truth. Nonetheless, a few studies have shown evidence that fact-checkers can help lower
Voluntary Exposure to Political Fact Checks
TLDR
It is found that voters are interested in fact-checking, especially for negative campaigns and personal (versus issue) campaigns, and topics salient to voters are most often fact-checked.
Principles and Boundaries of Fact-checking: Journalists’ Perceptions
  • P. Mena
  • Psychology
    Journalism Practice
  • 2018
ABSTRACT This study examines journalists’ perceptions of fact-checking, a growing journalistic activity focused on assessing the veracity of public claims. Professional journalists working on
Fighting Misperceptions and Doubting Journalists’ Objectivity: A Review of Fact-checking Literature
Fact checkers evaluate the truthfulness of political claims appearing in public. The practice has increased enormously in recent years. This review analyses research concerning political
Factual or Believable? Negotiating the Boundaries of Confirmation Bias in Online News Stories
TLDR
This work examines how readers on both sides of the political spectrum evaluate online news stories considering their preconceived beliefs and values, and focuses on detecting arguments in reader comments to depict challenges involved in reader consideration of newsworthy events and news stories.
They See Dead People (Voting): Correcting Misperceptions about Voter Fraud in the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election
The 2016 US Presidential election was unique for many reasons, especially the widespread endorsement of falsehoods about the candidates and the electoral process. Using a unique experiment fielded
Combating Fake News Online
  • Mehmet Fatih Çömlekçi
  • Business
    Research Anthology on Fake News, Political Warfare, and Combatting the Spread of Misinformation
  • 2021
In today's post-truth environment, besides the increase in political polarization, the rapid spread of fake news infringes on society. In the struggle with fake news, fact-checking services have
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 68 REFERENCES
Liar, Liar, Pants on Fire: How Fact-Checking Influences Citizens’ Reactions to Negative Advertising
Electoral campaigns are dynamic and an important change in recent elections is the growth of fact-checking; the assessment of the truthfulness of political advertisements by news media organizations
The Effect of Fact-Checking on Elites: A Field Experiment on U.S. State Legislators
Does external monitoring improve democratic performance? Fact-checking has come to play an increasingly important role in political coverage in the United States, but some research suggests it may be
Did Fact Checking Matter in the 2012 Presidential Campaign?
The new media environment raises two questions: Will campaign deceptions have traveled around the web before journalism has the fact-checking in place to ensnare them? And if diligent checking of
Spinning Debates: The Impact of the News Media's Coverage of the Final 2004 Presidential Debate
We demonstrate that the news media's “spin” or analysis following the last presidential debate in 2004 influenced citizens' evaluations of the candidates. The media's “instant analyses” in the
News Media Impact on the Ingredients of Presidential Evaluations: Politically Knowledgeable Citizens Are Guided by a Trusted Source
Scholars have uniformly presumed that news media attention to a policy issue increases its impact on presidential job performance evaluations because news coverage enhances the accessibility of
The Epistemology of Fact Checking
ABSTRACT Fact checking has become a prominent facet of political news coverage, but it employs a variety of objectionable methodological practices, such as treating a statement containing multiple
A meta-analysis of the effects of viewing U.S. presidential debates
Televised debates are now an expected component of the American presidential election campaign. A meta-analysis was used to cumulate the research on the effects of watching presidential debates.
Beliefs Don't Always Persevere: How Political Figures Are Punished When Positive Information about Them Is Discredited
Recent research has extended the belief-perseverance paradigm to the political realm, showing that negative information about political figures has a persistent effect on political opinions even
Shot by the Messenger: Partisan Cues and Public Opinion Regarding National Security and War
Research has shown that messages of intra-party harmony tend to be ignored by the news media, while internal disputes, especially within the governing party, generally receive prominent coverage. We
Capturing the Power of a Campaign Event: The 2004 Presidential Debate in Tempe
Presidential debates are much more than just 90-minute events. They are followed by media analysis and interpretation, including interviews with experts, the discussion of instant polls, the
...
...