Dead sea asphalt in egyptian mummies: Molecular evidence

@article{Rullktter2004DeadSA,
  title={Dead sea asphalt in egyptian mummies: Molecular evidence},
  author={J{\"u}rgen Rullk{\"o}tter and Arie Nissenbaum},
  journal={Naturwissenschaften},
  year={2004},
  volume={75},
  pages={618-621}
}
The use of asphalt in the mummification process, which was practised in the ancient Egyptian dynasties f rom at least the early Four th Dynasty (ca. 2600 B.C.) to the end of the Roman Period (4th Century A.D.) [1] has been a matter of controversy for a long time. Several of the ancient historians, such as Diodorus of Sicily and Strabo ( ls t Century A.D.) , specifically state that Dead Sea asphalt was exported to Egypt to be used for embalming [2]. Diodorus describes a major battle between… 

DEAD SEA ASPHALT IN ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MUMMIES—WHY?

The asphalt from the Dead Sea was an important item of trade in antiquity. Among its many uses, the most widespread was its export to Egypt for use in the mummification process, albeit at a

Evidence for Prehistoric Origins of Egyptian Mummification in Late Neolithic Burials

Investigations of linen wrappings from bodies in securely provenanced tombs in the earliest recorded ancient Egyptian cemeteries have identified a pine resin, an aromatic plant extract, a plant gum/sugar, a natural petroleum source, and a plant oil/animal fat in directly AMS-dated funerary wrappings.

Bitumen from the Dead Sea in Early Iron Age Nubia

Bitumen was identified as a component of a friable black solid excavated from a tomb, and a black substance applied to the surface of a painted and plastered coffin fragment, indicating that this substance was probably applied as a ritual funerary liquid, a practice identified from this time period in Egypt.

RADIOCARBON DATE RECOVERY FROM BITUMEN- CONTAINING EGYPTIAN EMBALMING RESINS

Human soft tissue specimens obtained by dissection of Greco -Roman Period mummies buried in the Dakhleh Oasis in Egypt's Western Desert had radiocarbon analytical results many of which w ere

RECOVERY FROM BITUMEN-CONTAINING EGYPTIAN EMBALMING RESINS

Human soft tissue specimens obtained by dissection of Greco-Roman Period mummies buried in the Dakhleh Oasis in Egypt's Western Desert had radiocarbon analytical results many of which were

HERODOTUS’ AND PLINY'S EMBALMING MATERIALS IDENTIFIED ON ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MUMMIES*

Unused ancient Egyptian embalming material unearthed at Deir el-Bahari (c. 1500 BC) shed new light on the potential preparation methods for various embalming materials in Pharaonic Egypt. Analyses

Organic geochemistry indicates Gebel El Zeit, Gulf of Suez, is a source of bitumen used in some Egyptian mummies

Molecular geochemical properties of crude oils and surface petroleum seeps from the southern part of the Gulf of Suez were evaluated. The characterizations of individual aliphatic, aromatic, and

The determination of the origin of natural bitumen in mummifying resins of Ancient Egyptian mummies from the collection of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts

This work presents the results of a study of the resins of seven Ancient Egyptian mummies from the collection of the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts using a complex of analytical methods: gas
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