Dating the First Australians

  title={Dating the First Australians},
  author={Richard F Gillespie},
  pages={455 - 472}
The dating of selected archaeological and megafaunal sites from the Australian region is reviewed, with emphasis on recent work at some of the oldest sites. Improved chemical procedures with decreased analytical background for 14C analysis, combined with new luminescence dating methods, has confirmed many of the results processed decades ago and significantly increased the maximum age for some others. The oldest occupation horizons in four different regions reliably dated by defendable multi… 
The long and the short of it: Archaeological approaches to determining when humans first colonised Australia and New Guinea
Abstract Despite significant advances in radiometric dating technologies over the last 15 years, and concerted efforts in that time to locate and date new sites and redate known sites in Australia
Dating the colonization of Sahul ( Pleistocene Australia – New Guinea ) : a review of recent research
The date for the initial colonization of Sahul is a key benchmark in human history and the topic of a long-running debate. Most analysts favor either a 40,000 BP or 60,000 BP arrival time, though
Short overlap of humans and megafauna in Pleistocene Australia
Reappraisal of the reliability of numerical dating results for Australian extinct megafauna and archaeology reveals that many still-quoted ages are incorrect and should be eliminated from databases
Sediment mixing at Nonda Rock: investigations of stratigraphic integrity at an early archaeological site in northern Australia and implications for the human colonisation of the continent
Archaeological excavations in sediments dating to between 60 000 and 40 000 years ago are rare in Australia. Yet this is precisely the period in which most archaeologists consider that Aboriginal
Both half right:Updating the evidence for dating first human arrivals in Sahul
Abstract This paper updates our previous analyses of the evidence for the timing of human arrival in Sahul. It reviews advances in dating technologies, summarises new data for sites published a
Box Gully: new evidence for Aboriginal occupation of Australia south of the Murray River prior to the last glacial maximum
Recent archaeological investigation at Box Gully, located on the north western tip of the Lake Tyrrell lunette, has resulted in the first documentation of pre-30,000 calBP Aboriginal occupation of
Australian prehistoric archaeology
Australian prehistory has been preoccupied with questions about the origin and diversity of Aboriginal populations; dating the initial colonisation; megafaunal extinctions; the antiquity of the
  • J. Field
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2006
After 15 years of continuing investigation, analysis and publication of the sedimentary sequence at Cuddie Springs, the site and its contents continue to draw considerable attention from those


Thermoluminescence dating of a 50,000-year-old human occupation site in northern Australia
THE oldest secure date for human occupation in Greater Australia is 40kyr from eastern Papua New Guinea1, whereas slightly younger dates have been reported from southern Australia2. We now report
Radiocarbon determinations, luminescence dating and Australian archaeology
The September 1993 editorial (ANTIQUITY 65: 44–5) made comment on recent Australian dates, by luminescence techniques, significantly older than radiocarbon determinations from elsewhere in Australia
Alternative timescales : a critical review of Willandra Lakes dating
The Late Pleistocene radiocarbon record from the Willandra Lakes region is analysed to select the most reliable age estimates. Chemical pretreatment experiments addressing problems of contradictory
Preliminary luminescence dates for archaeological sediments on the Nullarbor Plain, South Australia
Human occupation of the Nullarbor Plain in South Australia has been known to extend into the Pleistocene since a series of major archaeological excavations was begun in the 1950s and 1960s. An
Pleistocene occupation in arid Central Australia
Interest in the pattern and rate of human colonization of Australia has been stimulated by the hypothesis that the arid interior of the continent was initially settled as late as 10,000–12,000 yr BP
Radiocarbon Dating of the Human Occupation of Australia Prior to 40 ka BP—Successes and Pitfalls
Charcoal samples from ancient human occupation sites in Australia have been subjected to a rigorous pretreatment and stepped combustion regime in order to explore the possibility that these sites may
The contamination of Pleistocene radiocarbon determinations in Australia
A comparative study of the dating pattern in archaeological as against non-archaeological contexts may inform the apparent limit in the region of 35–40,000 years ago visible in the radiocarbon determinations.
New optical and radiocarbon dates from Ngarrabullgan Cave, a Pleistocene archaeological site in Australia: implications for the comparability of time clocks and for the human colonization of Australia
The human settlement of Australia falls into that period where dating is hard because it is near or beyond the reliable limit of radiocarbon study; instead a range of luminescence methods are being
Early human occupation of northern Australia: archaeology and thermoluminescence dating of Jinmium rock-shelter, Northern Territory
The nature and date of the human colonization of Australia remains a key issue in prehistory at the world scale, for a sufficiently early presence there indicates either Homo sapiens sapiens arriving