Dated phylogeny suggests early Neolithic origin of Sino-Tibetan languages

  title={Dated phylogeny suggests early Neolithic origin of Sino-Tibetan languages},
  author={Hanzhi Zhang and Ting Ji and Mark Pagel and Ruth Mace},
  journal={Scientific Reports},
An accurate reconstruction of Sino-Tibetan language evolution would greatly advance our understanding of East Asian population history. Two recent phylogenetic studies attempted to do so but several of their conclusions are different from each other. Here we reconstruct the phylogeny of the Sino-Tibetan language family, using Bayesian computational methods applied to a larger and linguistically more diverse sample. Our results confirm previous work in finding that the ancestral Sino-Tibetans… 
4 Citations
Yak Domestication: A Review of Linguistic, Archaeological, and Genetic Evidence
It is suggested that the domestication took place following hybridization with taurine cattle from the end of the fourth millennium BCE, and that the original domesticators of yaks included not only the ancestors of the Tibetans, but also Rgyalrongic speaking people from Eastern Tibet.
Cultural extinction in evolutionary perspective
This work proposes an analytical framework to examine the phenomenon of cultural extinction and reviews recent evolutionary studies that have informed cultural extinction processes and discusses avenues of future studies.
Evidentiality in Selibu
Selibu is a Mandarin-Khams Tibetan mixed language with about 900 native speakers in northwest Yunnan, People’s Republic of China. As a Form-Semantics mixed language, it derives most of its lexicon


Dated language phylogenies shed light on the ancestry of Sino-Tibetan
A database of comparative linguistic data is developed and phylogenetic methods are used to infer phylogenies that date the origin of the Sino-Tibetan language family to around 7200 B.P. and suggest a link to the late Cishan and the early Yangshao cultures.
Reconstruction of Y-chromosome phylogeny reveals two neolithic expansions of Tibeto-Burman populations
A phylogenetic tree and lineage dating both support the hypothesis that the establishment of Tibeto-Burman ancestral groups was triggered by Neolithic expansions from the middle Yellow River Basin and admixtures with local populations on the Tibetan Plateau who survived the Paleolithic Age.
Ancestral Origins and Genetic History of Tibetan Highlanders.
Genetic evidence of paleolithic colonization and neolithic expansion of modern humans on the tibetan plateau.
The genetic data indicate that Tibetans have been adapted to a high altitude environment since initial colonization of the Tibetan Plateau in the early Upper Paleolithic, before the last glacial maximum, followed by a rapid population expansion that coincided with the establishment of farming and yak pastoralism on the PlateauIn the early Neolithic.
Mitochondrial genome evidence reveals successful Late Paleolithic settlement on the Tibetan Plateau
The results confirm that the vast majority of Tibetan matrilineal components can trace their ancestry to Epipaleolithic and Neolithic immigrants from northern China during the mid-Holocene and identify an infrequent novel haplogroup, M16, that branched off directly from the Eurasian M founder type.
A mitochondrial revelation of early human migrations to the Tibetan Plateau before and after the last glacial maximum.
It is demonstrated that maternal diversity on the plateau reflects mostly a northern East Asian ancestry, and phylogeographic analysis of plateau-specific sublineages revealed two primary components: pre-last glacial maximum (LGM) inhabitants and post-LGM immigrants.
The Neolithic of Southern China–Origin, Development, and Dispersal
According to direct evidence from archaeology and supporting evidence from comparative linguistics, the Neolithic cultures of the Yangtze alluvial plain played a significant role in the origins of
Agriculture and Language Dispersals
Among the grandest and most controversial proposals for a holistic, cross‐disciplinary prehistory for humanity is the hypothesis that it was the adoption of agriculture that lay behind the dispersals
Genetic Structure of Qiangic Populations Residing in the Western Sichuan Corridor
A predominantly Northern Asian-specific component in Qiangic populations, especially in maternal lineages is revealed, which is an admixture of the northward migrations of East Asian initial settlers with Y chromosome haplogroup D in the late Paleolithic age and the southward Di-Qiang people in the Neolithic Age.