Data at work: supporting sharing in science and engineering

@inproceedings{Birnholtz2003DataAW,
  title={Data at work: supporting sharing in science and engineering},
  author={Jeremy P. Birnholtz and Matthew J. Bietz},
  booktitle={GROUP '03},
  year={2003}
}
Data are a fundamental component of science and engineering work, and the ability to share data is critical to the validation and progress of science. Data sharing and reuse in some fields, however, has proven to be a difficult problem. This paper argues that the development of effective CSCW systems to support data sharing in work groups requires a better understanding of the use of data in practice. Drawing on our work with three scientific disciplines, we show that data play two general… Expand
Enabling scientific data sharing and re-use
TLDR
A conceptual model has been developed to characterize the process of data sharing and the factors which give rise to variations in data re-use, and provides a comprehensive description of the factors that enable or inhibit the sharing of research data. Expand
From Personal Tool to Community Resource: What's the Extra Work and Who Will Do It?
TLDR
This paper presents a qualitative, interview-based study of the extra work that developers and end users of scientific software undertake, indicating that they conduct a rich set of extra work around community management, code maintenance, education and training, developer-user interaction, and foreseeing user needs. Expand
Collaborative Practices with Structured Data: Do Tools Support What Users Need?
TLDR
This paper presents the results of an interview study with data practitioners, from which four high-level user needs for tool support are derived, and suggests that data-centric collaborative work would benefit from structured documentation of data and its lifecycle; advanced affordances for conversations among collaborators; better change control; and custom data access. Expand
Sharing, re-use and circulation of resources in cooperative scientific work
TLDR
A range of sharing and reuse practices past and present are explored, what motivates and limits them, how sharing can be done more effectively, what tools and techniques facilitate or constrain it, and how this relates to systems and science policy. Expand
Capturing and supporting contexts for scientific data sharing via the biological sciences collaboratory
TLDR
Overall, BSC strives to identify and capture the various social and scientific contexts in which data sharing collaborations in biology take place and to provide collaboration tools and capabilities that can effectively support and facilitate these important data sharing contexts. Expand
The Backstage Work of Data Sharing
TLDR
Key differences between the socio-technical context of data managers and other "human infrastructure" roles articulated previously in Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) literature are identified and the challenges that data managers face when accepting data for archival and reuse are summarized. Expand
Untangling data sharing and reuse in social sciences
TLDR
This panel aims to provide an overview of the current state of social science data reuse and sharing, and proposes a practical agenda to develop alternative incentives for individual researchers, and potential ways in which data sharing and reuse can be improved, coordinated, and encouraged among social scientists. Expand
Surfacing Data Change in Scientific Work
TLDR
This research investigates data change by examining how scientists make sense of change in datasets being created and sustained by the collaborative infrastructures they engage with, before examining how trust and project rhythms influence a scientist’s notion that the newest available data are the best. Expand
Role of communication in data reuse
TLDR
This study investigates communications occurring around data during data reusers' experiences through qualitative interview studies involving this group, and shows that the communications with different stakeholders mainly support data reuse in three areas: searching, learning, and problem solving. Expand
Scientific Data Collections and Distributed Collective Practice
TLDR
It is proposed that research into SDCs can yield new insights into institutional arrangements, policymaking, and authority structures in other very large-scale socio-technical networks. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
Cooperative knowledge work and practices of trust: sharing environmental planning data sets
TLDR
This paper addresses a specific kind of knowledge work, environmental planning, and a particular form of collaboration, the sharing of measurement data sets, interested in how trust is created; how trustability is assessed in the arm=s-length collaboration of sharing data sets; and how changes in technology interact with those practices of trust. Expand
From Laboratories to Collaboratories: A New Organizational Form for Scientific Collaboration
This article explores the potential impact of collaboratories on psychology. A collaboratory is a computer-supported system that allows scientists to work with each other, facilities, and databasesExpand
Six roles of documents in professionals' work
TLDR
This study identifies six roles documents play in professionals' work, namely that documents serve as personal work files, as reminders of things to do, to share information with some yet withhold it from others, to convey meaning, to generate new meaning, and to mediate contacts among people. Expand
Data Access, Ownership, and Control
Issues surrounding data access, ownership, and control raise important issues for science policy. The new sociology of science has examined many features of scientific knowledge and practice, but hasExpand
User‐centered design of collaboration technology
TLDR
This work has extensive studies of designers at work, developed the beginnings of a theory of distributed cognition, and is at the first stages of iterative testing and redesign of a prototype of a shared editor to support their work. Expand
Patterns of contact and communication in scientific research collaboration
TLDR
The influence of physical proximity on the development of collaborative relationships between scientific researchers and on the execution of their work and the actual and potential role of communications technology in professional work are described. Expand
Moving document collections online: The evolution of a shared repository
TLDR
The dynamics of the standardized classification scheme in use for the project file, existing practices of document filing including routine troubles, and the prototype developed to move the project files online are described. Expand
Learning from Notes: organizational issues in groupware implementation
TLDR
It is suggested that people's mental models and organizations' structure and culture significantly influence how groupware is implemented and used, and groupware was interpreted in terms of familiar personal, stand-alone technologies such as spreadsheets. Expand
“Going Monoclonal”: Art, Science, and Magic in the Day-to-Day Use of Hybridoma Technology
Recent work in the sociology of science has highlighted the local and tacit dimensions of scientific work. Against the widely held assumption that we are here dealing with a form of knowledge largelyExpand
Little science, big science... and beyond
  • L. Egghe
  • Sociology, Computer Science
  • Scientometrics
  • 2005
TLDR
Most of the problems mentioned in the GS paper are caused by natural evolutionary aspects of the discipline, and it cannot be doubted that BIS is growing into a more and more professional research discipline. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...