Data Modeling in UML and ORM: A Comparison

@article{Halpin1999DataMI,
  title={Data Modeling in UML and ORM: A Comparison},
  author={Terry A. Halpin and Anthony C. Bloesch},
  journal={J. Database Manag.},
  year={1999},
  volume={10},
  pages={4-13}
}
The Unified Modeling Language (UML) is becoming widely used for software and database modeling, and has been accepted by the Object Management Group as a standard language for object-oriented analysis and design. For data modeling purposes, UML includes class diagrams, that may be annotated with expressions in a textual constraint language. Although facilitating the transition to object-oriented code, UML’s implementation concerns render it less suitable for developing and validating a… 

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