Das Domestikationssyndrom

@article{Hammer2005DasD,
  title={Das Domestikationssyndrom},
  author={Karl Hammer},
  journal={Die Kulturpflanze},
  year={2005},
  volume={32},
  pages={11-34}
}
  • K. Hammer
  • Published 1 June 1984
  • Biology
  • Die Kulturpflanze
ZusammenfassungVoraussetzung und Wege, die zur Domestikation führten, werden untersucht und die Ergebnisse dieses Evolutionsprozesses diskutiert. Schon von Beginn an läßt sich eine Zweiteilung in Kulturpflanzen des großflächigen Feldbaues, die über das Saatgut vermehrt werden und bei denen die Massenauslese vorherrscht, und Kulturpflanzen des kleinflächigen Gartenbaues, bei denen Formen der vegetativen Vermehrung und Individualauslese überwiegen, verfolgen. Feldbau führt zu ausgewogenen… 
Die GaterslebenerBrassica-Kollektion — eine Einführung
TLDR
The Genbank Gatersleben unterhält mit 1459 Sippen aus 25 Arten eine bedeutendeBrassica-Kollektion, which wird dringend zur Erweiterung der genetischen Basis der hoch domestizierten Formen unserer Kulturpflanzen benötigt.
On the Identification of Domesticated Emmer Wheat, Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccum (Poaceae), in the Aceramic Neolithic of the Fertile Crescent
Im vorliegenden Artikel wird der derzeitige Forschungsstand zur Domestikation des Emmers zusammengefasst und diskutiert. Daruber hinaus werden neue Bestimmungskriterien fur domestizierten Emmer
Origin and domestication of Cucurbitaceae crops:insights from phylogenies, genomics and archaeology.
TLDR
Insights on cucurbit domestication from new phylogenies, archaeology, and genomic studies are reviewed, suggesting that an annual life cycle may have contributed to domestication.
Taxonomy of the Genus Hordeum and Barley ( Hordeum vulgare )
TLDR
Barley’s tertiary gene pool holds traits for pathogen resistances and adaptations to extreme environmental conditions, which are of high value if they can be transferred into cultivated barley or other cereals.
Pod indehiscence in common bean is associated with the fine regulation of PvMYB26
In legumes, pod shattering occurs when mature pods dehisce along the sutures, and detachment of the valves promotes seed dispersal. In Phaseolus vulgaris (L)., the major locus qPD5.1-Pv for pod
Ethnobotanical investigation and diversity of Gbolo (Crassocephalum rubens (Juss. ex Jacq.) S. Moore and Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore), a traditional leafy vegetable under domestication in Benin
TLDR
The study revealed the existence of different morphotypes corresponding to two botanical species found unequally distributed throughout Benin and the vegetable was reported to possess special nutritional and medicinal values.
Plant Domestication in East Asia
TLDR
Climate and environmental change, high carbon dioxide levels at the end of the Pleistocene, and ecological engineering/niche construction are contexts and stimuli for plant domestication that are currently being debated.
Identification of the Triticoid-type grains (Poaceae) from archaeobotanical assemblages in southwest Asia as Heteranthelium piliferum (Banks & Sol.) Hochst.
The so-called Triticoid-type grains are known from several prehistoric sites in southwest Asia and their identification has long been unclear. They resemble the grains of wheats and researchers
A wild race ofPhaseolus vulgaris L. as a new source of phaseolin variation
TLDR
A wild race ofPhaseolus vulgaris from Mexico exhibited a phaseolin pattern very similar to that of phaseolus coccineus, most likely due to introgression ofPh.
Pod indehiscence in common bean is associated to the fine regulation of PvMYB26 and a non-functional abscission layer
In legumes, pod shattering occurs when mature pods dehisce along the sutures, and detachment of the valves promotes seed dispersal. In Phaseolus vulgaris, the major locus qPD5.1-Pv for pod
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES
Vorarbeiten zur monographischen Darstellung von Wildpflanzensortimenten:Agrostemma L.
ZusammenfassungAgrostemma githago ist ein typisches Saatgut-Unkraut, das zu den Segetalarten mit konvergentem Entwicklungstyp gehört; es hat sich in seinen Samenmerkmalen an die von ihm begleiteten
Florengeschichte im Spiegel blütenökologischer Erkenntnisse
Die geologischen Einsichten der letzten Jahrzehnte haben unsere Vorstellungen von der Palaogeographie der Erde umwalzend verandert. Die Biologen beginnen erst, die Folgerungen daraus zu ziehen und
Die urgeschichtlichen Reste des Schlafmohns (Papaver somniferum L.) und die Entstehung der Art
TLDR
Botanical and archaeological data suggest the origin of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) in the Western Mediterranean region.
Report on a travel to the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 1981 for the collection of indigenous taxa of cultivated plants
SummaryThe mission was carried out within the Mediterranean Programme of the IBPGR in June 1981, participants came from the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (Agricultural Research Centre
Problems ofPapaver somniferum-classification and some remarks on recently collected European poppy land-races
TLDR
Poppies, recently collected in parts of central Europe, are classified according to the proposed system, and very variable land-races of poppies can still be found in this region.
The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication
of the reasons which induce me to believe that all organic beings occasionally cross, though perhaps in some cases only at long intervals of time. (15/14. With respect to plants, an admirable essay
Species concepts and systematics of domesticated cereals
TLDR
It is proposed that wild, weed and cultivated complexes of individual domestic species be recognized respectively as subspecies and major discontinuities in variation within the weed or cultivated subspecies are then identified as races without formal taxonomic recognition.
Polyploidy and domestication: the origin and survival of polyploids in cytotype mixtures.
TLDR
It is concluded that the survival chances of a polyploid after its origination is low and knowledge of the the mutual interference of cytotypes in a cytotype mixture is quite limited.
COMPARATIVE EVOLUTION OF CEREALS
TLDR
The gene pool classification suggested by Harlan and de Wet (1971) is used in order to treat the several cereals on a uniform basis and is not intended to be a formal taxonomic system but rather a simple device to bring a genetic focus to bear on the taxonomies already available.
...
...