Daphnid life cycle responses to new generation flame retardants.

  title={Daphnid life cycle responses to new generation flame retardants.},
  author={Susanne L Waaijers and Tanja E. Bleyenberg and Arne Dits and Marian Schoorl and Jeroen Sch{\"u}tt and Stefan A E Kools and Pim de Voogt and Wim Admiraal and John Robert Parsons and Michiel Kraak},
  journal={Environmental science & technology},
  volume={47 23},
Relatively hazardous brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are currently substituted with halogen-free flame retardants (HFFRs). Consequently, information on their persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity (PBT) is urgently needed. Therefore, we investigated the chronic toxicity to the water flea Daphnia magna of two HFFRs, aluminum diethylphosphinate (ALPI) and 9,10-dihyro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-oxide (DOPO). The toxicity of ALPI increased from a 48 h LC50 of 18 mg L(-1) to a 21 day LC50… CONTINUE READING
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