Dangers and Unreliability of Mammography: Breast Examination is a Safe, Effective, and Practical Alternative

@article{Epstein2001DangersAU,
  title={Dangers and Unreliability of Mammography: Breast Examination is a Safe, Effective, and Practical Alternative},
  author={Samuel S. Epstein and Rosalie Bertell and Barbara Seaman},
  journal={International Journal of Health Services},
  year={2001},
  volume={31},
  pages={605 - 615}
}
Mammography screening is a profit-driven technology posing risks compounded by unreliability. In striking contrast, annual clinical breast examination (CBE) by a trained health professional, together with monthly breast self-examination (BSE), is safe, at least as effective, and low in cost. International programs for training nurses how to perform CBE and teach BSE are critical and overdue. 

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