Damage to photosystem II in symbiotic dinoflagellates: a determinant of coral bleaching.

@article{Warner1999DamageTP,
  title={Damage to photosystem II in symbiotic dinoflagellates: a determinant of coral bleaching.},
  author={Mark R. E. Warner and William K. Fitt and Gregory W. Schmidt},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={1999},
  volume={96 14},
  pages={8007-12}
}
Coral bleaching has been defined as a general phenomenon, whereby reef corals turn visibly pale because of the loss of their symbiotic dinoflagellates and/or algal pigments during periods of exposure to elevated seawater temperatures. During the summer of 1997, seawater temperatures in the Florida Keys remained at or above 30 degrees C for more than 6 weeks, and extensive coral bleaching was observed. Bleached colonies of the dominant Caribbean reef-building species, Montastrea faveolata and… CONTINUE READING
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