Damage costs of nitrogen fertilizer in Europe and their internalization

@inproceedings{Blottnitz2006DamageCO,
  title={Damage costs of nitrogen fertilizer in Europe and their internalization},
  author={Harro von Blottnitz and Ari Rabl and Dimcho Boiadjiev and Tim F. Taylor and Steven Arnold},
  year={2006}
}
This paper estimates the environmental impacts and damage costs ('external costs') of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer and discusses options for reducing these impacts, including their consequences for farmers and for producers of fertilizer. The damage costs of the fertilizer life cycle that could be estimated are large, about 0.3 €/kgN (compared to the current market price of about 0.5 €/kgN); much of that is due to global warming by N2O and CO2 emissions during fertilizer production and N2O… CONTINUE READING

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