Dama de Elche: Pigments, surface coating and stone of the sculpture

@article{Luxn2005DamaDE,
  title={Dama de Elche: Pigments, surface coating and stone of the sculpture},
  author={Mar{\'i}a Pilar de Lux{\'a}n and Jose Luis Prada and Fernando Dorrego},
  journal={Materials and Structures},
  year={2005},
  volume={38},
  pages={419-424}
}
The Dama de Elche (4th–5th century B.C.), an emblematic piece of the ancient Iberian culture, was first sculpted in fossiliferous limestone of Tertiary Age. In this first systematic study, two classic pigments have been identified: Egyptian blue, prepared with a potassium flux, and natural vermilion applied over a preparation layer of gypsum, mixed with calcium carbonate, that migrated and recrystallized on the polychrome surface of the bust, process favoured by the change suffered after its… 

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