Daily marital interactions and positive affect during marital conflict among newlywed couples.

  title={Daily marital interactions and positive affect during marital conflict among newlywed couples.},
  author={Janice Driver and John M. Gottman},
  journal={Family process},
  volume={43 3},
The mundane and often fleeting moments that a couple experiences in their everyday lives may contribute to the health or deterioration of a relationship by serving as a foundation to major couple events such as conflict discussions and caring days. This study examines the role of playfulness and enthusiasm in everyday life to the use of humor and affection during conflict. Using observational methods, we studied 49 newlywed couples in a 10-minute dinnertime interaction and in a 15-minute… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Conflict and love: predicting newlywed marital outcomes from two interaction contexts.
Results showed that actor and partner negative (contempt) and positive (affection) emotions elicited in both positive and negative interaction contexts emerged as unique predictors of relationship quality and stability for both husbands and wives. Expand
Different forms of couple communication and their significance for relationship functioning
The manner in which men and women in intimate relationships solve conflicts, exchange positive behaviors in everyday life, and support each other when experiencing stress may affect theirExpand
The Role of Conflict Resolution Styles in Mediating the Relationship Between Enduring Vulnerabilities and Marital Quality
This investigation examines the role of negative affectivity and conflict styles on newlywed couples' marital satisfaction. The vulnerability-stress-adaptation (VSA) model of marital development wasExpand
Repair During Marital Conflict in Newlyweds: How Couples Move from Attack–Defend to Collaboration
A new observational coding system was designed to study how newlywed couples naturally attempt to repair negativity during marital conflict. The patterns of both attack during conflict and repairExpand
Good moments in parents' spousal relationships: A daily relational maintenance perspective
This study examined positively experienced spousal moments among couples with young children. The diary data were gathered from 95 women and 55 men in 95 Finnish families over a seven-day periodExpand
Marital Interactions, Family Intervention, and Disagreements: A Daily Diary Study in a Low-income Sample.
Daily diary data from a random assignment study of a family-strengthening intervention with low-income husbands and wives 30 months postenrollment was leveraged to fill gaps in the literature and demonstrate associations between reports of emotions in interactions and severity of disagreements. Expand
Marital Conflict Resolution and Marital Affection in Chinese Marriage: Integrating Variable-Centered and Person-Centered Approaches
Abstract To examine how couple interactions shape changes in marital affection during the early years of marriage, we used two-wave, dyadic data from 268 Chinese couples and integratedExpand
OF DISSERTATION THREE STUDIES TO INVESTIGATE BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL INFLUENCES ON MARITAL CONFLICT Research is beginning to find a positive and significant relationship between marriage and health. EvenExpand
Job stress and dyadic synchrony in police marriages: a preliminary investigation.
It is revealed that patterns of behavioral synchrony may be a key means to better understand how job stress exacts a toll on police marriages. Expand
The importance of investing in your relationship: Emotional capital and responses to partner transgressions
Throughout their relationship, couples experience a myriad of small positive moments together, such as sharing leisure activities or laughing with one another. Although these moments may seem trivialExpand


Predicting Marital Happiness and Stability from Newlywed Interactions
A study with 130 newlywed couples was designed to explore marital interaction processes that are predictive of divorce or marital stability, processes that further discriminate between happily andExpand
Interventions for couples.
Concern about the negative impact of marital discord and divorce will continue to provide the impetus for research on more effective means of intervening with couples, and future research could benefit from a focus on a more diverse population of couples, treatment in natural settings, and the examination of those interventions over longer periods of time and with more comprehensive outcome measures. Expand
Emotional behavior in long-term marriage.
Wives were more affectively negative than husbands, whereas husbands were more defensive than wives, and unhappy marriages involved greater exchange of negative affect than happy marriages. Expand
Beyond fathering behaviors: Types of dads.
Sixty-nine maritally intact, middle-class Caucasian families rearing their 15-month-old firstborn male child participated in a study of fathering. Two 1-hr naturalistic home observations per familyExpand
Helping Couples Change: A Social Learning Approach to Marital Therapy
Why Treat Troubled Marriages? Values and Philosophy in Selecting Marital Therapy Goals and Methods. Techniques of Therapy Based on Social Learning Theory. Assessing Troubled Marriages. StructuringExpand
How much observational data is enough? An empirical test using marital interaction coding.
Using three different samples of couples, it was found that 15 minutes was sufficient to witness enough behavior to make reliable (i.e., internally consistent) estimations of most Rapid Marital Interaction Coding System code frequencies. Expand
Positive psychology. An introduction.
The authors outline a framework for a science of positive psychology, point to gaps in the authors' knowledge, and predict that the next century will see a science and profession that will come to understand and build the factors that allow individuals, communities, and societies to flourish. Expand
The Influence of Positive Affect and Visual Access on the Discovery of Integrative Solutions in Bilateral Negotiation
Abstract The present study investigated the influence of positive affect and visual access on the process and outcome of negotiation in an integrative bargaining task. Visual access was crossed withExpand
Personality and prediction
Abstract Though all human perceptions and actions are shaped by personality differences, little attention has been given by futurists or psychologists to the influence of personality on forecasting.Expand
The role of positive emotions in positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions.
The theory and findings suggest that the capacity to experience positive emotions may be a fundamental human strength central to the study of human flourishing. Expand