DOMESTIC POLITICAL AUDIENCES AND THE ESCALATION OF INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES

@article{Fearon1994DOMESTICPA,
  title={DOMESTIC POLITICAL AUDIENCES AND THE ESCALATION OF INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES},
  author={James D. Fearon},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  year={1994},
  volume={88},
  pages={577-592}
}
  • J. Fearon
  • Published 1994
  • Economics
  • American Political Science Review
International crises are modeled as a political “war of attrition†in which state leaders choose at each moment whether to attack, back down, or escalate. A leader who backs down suffers audience costs that increase as the public confrontation proceeds. Equilibrium analysis shows how audience costs enable leaders to learn an adversary's true preferences concerning settlement versus war and thus whether and when attack is rational. The model also generates strong comparative statics results… Expand
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  • The Journal of Politics
  • 2007
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Abstract This paper explores the time-inconsistency problem of audience costs in international disputes. The nature of democracy makes it difficult for leaders to back down from earlier diplomaticExpand
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