• Corpus ID: 171235128


  author={Peter Singer and Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek},
In this response to the essays by Crisp, Parfit, Hooker and Nakano-Okuno on our The Point of View of the Universe, we focus on the following topics: whether egoism is more susceptible to an evolutionary debunking argument than universal benevolence; our defence of impartial rationalism; wide and narrow definitions of “ethics”; the role of moral rules; the extension of ethics to all sentient beings; how best to define and understand pleasure as an intrinsic value; and whether Ross’s ethic of… 

Evolutionary Debunking of Normative Realism. Not a Real Threat for Realists

A debunking argument has been recently levelled against normative realism. According to this line of reasoning, most of our normative beliefs have been strongly influenced by evolutionary forces. As

Satisficing Consequentialism Still Doesn't Satisfy

Abstract Satisficing consequentialism is an unpopular theory. Because it permits gratuitous sub-optimal behaviour, it strikes many as wildly implausible. It has been widely rejected as a tenable

Moral Theory and Its Role in Everyday Moral Thought and Action

  • B. Hooker
  • Philosophy, Psychology
    The Routledge Handbook of Moral Epistemology
  • 2018
The chapter juxtaposes the fairly quick and automatic thinking and decision making that constitutes everyday moral thought and action with the slower, more complicated, and more reflective thinking

Solving the Ideal Worlds Problem

I introduce a new formulation of rule consequentialism, defended as an improvement on traditional formulations. My new formulation cleanly avoids what Parfit calls “ideal world” objections. I suggest

Escaping paternalism: rationality, behavioral economics, and public policy

  • P. Arthur
  • Economics
    Journal of Economic Methodology
  • 2021
In their new book Escaping Paternalism, Glen Whitman and Mario Rizzo try to persuade readers to be skeptical of behavioral paternalism (Rizzo & Whitman, 2019). Rizzo and Whitman describe behavioral

Normative Ethics

  • M. Timmons
  • Philosophy
    International Encyclopedia of Ethics
  • 2020

Sidgwick, Henry


The Asymmetrical Contributions of Pleasure and Pain to Subjective Well-Being

Many ethicists writing about well-being have assumed that claims made about the relationship between pleasure and well-being carry similar implications for the relationship between pain and