DNA uptake during bacterial transformation

@article{Chen2004DNAUD,
  title={DNA uptake during bacterial transformation},
  author={Inês Chen and David Dubnau},
  journal={Nature Reviews Microbiology},
  year={2004},
  volume={2},
  pages={241-249}
}
Naturally competent bacteria are able to take up exogenous DNA and undergo genetic transformation. The transport of DNA from the extracellular milieu into the cytoplasm is a complex process, and requires proteins that are related to those involved in the assembly of type IV pili and type II secretion systems, as well as a DNA translocase complex at the cytoplasmic membrane. Here, we will review the current knowledge of DNA transport during transformation. 
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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In addition to asexual reproduction, many prokaryotes contain specific apparatus evolved to exchange DNA through their envelopes by direct cell-to-cell contacts, allowing the horizontal transfer of
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