DNA transfer from organelles to the nucleus: the idiosyncratic genetics of endosymbiosis.

@article{Kleine2009DNATF,
  title={DNA transfer from organelles to the nucleus: the idiosyncratic genetics of endosymbiosis.},
  author={Tatjana Kleine and Uwe G. Maier and Dario Leister},
  journal={Annual review of plant biology},
  year={2009},
  volume={60},
  pages={
          115-38
        }
}
In eukaryotes, DNA is exchanged between endosymbiosis-derived compartments (mitochondria and chloroplasts) and the nucleus. Organelle-to-nucleus DNA transfer involves repair of double-stranded breaks by nonhomologous end-joining, and resulted during early organelle evolution in massive relocation of organelle genes to the nucleus. A large fraction of the products of the nuclear genes so acquired are retargeted to their ancestral compartment; many others now function in new subcellular locations… CONTINUE READING

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