DNA hybridization evidence of hominoid phylogeny: Results from an expanded data set

@article{Sibley2005DNAHE,
  title={DNA hybridization evidence of hominoid phylogeny: Results from an expanded data set},
  author={Charles G. Sibley and Jon E. Ahlquist},
  journal={Journal of Molecular Evolution},
  year={2005},
  volume={26},
  pages={99-121}
}
SummaryThe living hominoids are human, the two species of chimpanzees, gorilla, orangutan, and nine species of gibbons. The cercopithecoids (Old World monkeys) are the sister group of the hominoids. A consensus about the phylogeny of the hominoids has been reached for the branching order of the gibbons (earliest) and the orangutan (next earliest), but the branching order among gorilla, chimpanzees, and human remains in contention. In 1984 we presented DNA-DNA hybridization data, based on 183… Expand
DNA hybridization evidence of hominoid phylogeny: A reanalysis of the data
TLDR
A reanalysis of the Sibley and Ahlquist data is presented, including a description of the corrections applied to the “raw counts”, to indicate that Pan is genetically closer to Homo than toGorilla, but that Gorilla may be genetically close toPan than toHomo. Expand
Primate evolution at the DNA level and a classification of hominoids
TLDR
The genetic distances among primate lineages estimated from orthologous noncoding nucleotide sequences of β-type globin loci and their flanking and intergenic DNA agree closely with the distances estimated by cross hybridization of total genomic single-copy DNAs. Expand
Pattern and timing of evolutionary divergences among hominoids based on analyses of complete mtDNAs
TLDR
Application of the artiodactyl/cetacean reference (A/C-60) suggests that hominoid divergences took place much earlier than has been concluded previously, which automatically implies a much slower evolution in hominoids DNA (both mitochondrial and nuclear) than commonly recognized. Expand
Genomic data support the hominoid slowdown and an Early Oligocene estimate for the hominoid-cercopithecoid divergence.
TLDR
This article tests the robusticity of the 23- to 25-Mya hominoid-cercopithecoid divergence estimate with approximately 150,000 base pairs of orthologous DNA sequence data from two cercopithecoids and two hominoids by using quartet analysis, and tests for a statistically appropriate model of molecular evolution. Expand
An objective time based phylogenetic classification of primates that places chimpanzees and humans in the genus Homo
Molecular phylogenetics, a coupling of molecular biology to Hennig’s phylogenetic systematics, is bringing about a twofold shift in paradigms, one in systematics and the other in how we view ourExpand
Estimation of hominoid phylogeny from a DNA hybridization data set
SummaryAnalysis of the expanded data set of Sibley and Ahlquist (1987) on primate phylogeny using a maximum likelihood mixed model analysis of variance method shows that there is significant evidenceExpand
Improved dating of the human/chimpanzee separation in the mitochondrial DNA tree: Heterogeneity among amino acid sites
TLDR
This analysis suggests that humans separated from chimpanzees some 4–5 Myr ago, and the variable-invariable model for site heterogeneity fits the amino acid sequence data encoded by the mitochondrial DNA from Hominoidea remarkably well. Expand
Catarrhine primate divergence dates estimated from complete mitochondrial genomes: concordance with fossil and nuclear DNA evidence.
TLDR
The entire mitochondrial DNA genomes from a representative of three cercopithecoid tribes are sequenced, and divergence dates using a penalized likelihood and a Bayesian method are estimated, both of which take into account the effects of rate differences on lineages, phylogenetic tree structure, and multiple calibration points. Expand
Molecular Views of Human Origins
TLDR
Comparative genomics from complete genome sequencing to chromosome painting provide a scenario for the origin of the human genome and the major steps over the last 90 million years leading to the formation of each human chromosome. Expand
Mitochondrial DNA evolution in primates: Transition rate has been extremely low in the lemur
TLDR
It appears that the transition rate of mtDNA evolution in the lemur has been extremely low, only about 1/10 that in other primate lines, whereas the transversion rate does not differ significantly from that of other primates. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 99 REFERENCES
The phylogeny of the hominoid primates, as indicated by DNA-DNA hybridization
TLDR
This work has compared the single-copy nuclear DNA sequences of the hominoid genera using DNA-DNA hybridization to produce a complete matrix of delta T50H values and shows that the branching sequence of the lineages was: Old World monkeys, gibbons, Orangutan, Gorilla, chimpanzees, and Man. Expand
Phylogeny and Classification of Hominoidea as Inferred from DNA Sequence Data
TLDR
Unless interspecific transfer of mtDNA7~ occurred during the evolution of early hominids, this dating rejects a widely believed hypothesis that Australopithecus a f arensis that lived same 3.7 Myr ago is ancestral to man after the human-ape splitting. Expand
Phylogeny and DNA-DNA hybridization.
TLDR
The delta Q-test is introduced, a nonparametric test ofphylogenetic relationships that is based on distance data that favors Sibley and Ahlquist’s phylogeny over his own-but, according to Templeton ( 1985), not significantly, and it can be shown that this test lacks sufficient power to discriminate between these phylogenies. Expand
Man's place in Hominoidea as inferred from molecular clocks of DNA
TLDR
The ratio of the dates of orangutan splitting to chimpanzee is larger for the mtDNA clock than that for the η-globin clock, suggesting the possibilities of mt-DNA introgression among the early hominids and the early African apes, and/or of mtDNA polymorphism within the common ancestral species of Orangutan and the African apes that obscures the date of the true species separation ofOrangutans. Expand
The phylogeny of the hominoid primates: a statistical analysis of the DNA-DNA hybridization data.
  • A. Templeton
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Molecular biology and evolution
  • 1985
TLDR
A modification of Pielou's Q-statistic that allows one to make nonparametric tests of phylogenetic relationship from distance data is presented and indicates that the phylogeny that clusters chimpanzees and gorillas and has the human lineage splitting off earlier is statistically consistent with all the molecular data. Expand
Primate η-globin DNA sequences and man's place among the great apes
TLDR
The findings substantially increase the evidence indicative of a human–chimpanzee–gorilla clade with ancestral separations around 8 to 6 Myr ago and verify that neutral hominoid DNA evolved at markedly retarded rates. Expand
A New Molecular Clock of Mitochondrial DNA and the Evolution of Hominoids
TLDR
The molecular clock, however, is not yet free of any contradiction with hominoid fossil records, and a direct comparison among mitochondrial DNA sequences shows a recent divergence of 4-& million years (Myr) ago. Expand
Evolutionary tree for apes and humans based on cleavage maps of mitochondrial DNA.
TLDR
Although this study has given a magnified view of the genetic differences among humans and apes, the possibility of a three-way split among the lineages leading to humans, gorillas, and chimpanzees still deserves serious consideration. Expand
A molecular phylogeny of the hominoid primates as indicated by two-dimensional protein electrophoresis.
TLDR
A molecular phylogeny for the hominoid primates was constructed by using genetic distances from a survey of 383 radiolabeled fibroblast polypeptides resolved by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE), appearing to resolve the human-chimpanzee-gorilla trichotomy in favor of a more recent association of chimpanzees and humans. Expand
Mitochondrial DNA sequences of primates: Tempo and mode of evolution
TLDR
Genealogical analysis of the sequence differences supports the view that the human lineage branched off only slightly before the gorilla and chimpanzee lineages diverged and strengthens the hypothesis that humans are more related to gorillas and chimpanzees than is the orangutan. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...