DNA damage response as an anti-cancer barrier: damage threshold and the concept of 'conditional haploinsufficiency'.

DNA damage response (DDR) emerges as a biological tumorigenesis barrier in early stages of cancer development, and a selective pressure that favors outgrowth of malignant clones with defects in the genome maintenance machinery, such as mutations of p53 and other DDR components. Recent studies indicate that the DDR barrier is not alarmed universally among… (More)