DNA Damage as the Primary Cause of Aging

@article{Gensler1981DNADA,
  title={DNA Damage as the Primary Cause of Aging},
  author={Helen Lynch Gensler and Harris Bernstein},
  journal={The Quarterly Review of Biology},
  year={1981},
  volume={56},
  pages={279 - 303}
}
DNA damage appears to be ubiquitous in the biological world, as judged by the variety of organisms which have evolved DNA-repair systems. Previously, it was proposed that germ-line DNA of multicellular organisms may be protected from damage, and consequently from aging, by efficient recombinational repair during meiosis. The somatic line, however, may be vulnerable to the accumulation of DNA damage, and hence undergo aging, owing to relatively less repair. Although DNA Lesions most important in… 

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Findings are taken to indicate an age‐dependent decline in the DNA repair capacity of neurons and that DNA polymerase β is a key player in theDNA repair mechanisms of nerve cells.

Recombinational Repair May be an Important Function of Sexual Reproduction

Experimental information on recombinationalrepair in the various organisms that have been studied, on the range of organisms that use recombinational repair, onThe variety of lesions against which it acts, and on its efficiency in overcoming DNA damage are reviewed to support the hypothesis that recombinational Repair is a major function of sexual reproduction.

Fight to the bitter end: DNA repair and aging

...

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