DIT2: Devising and testing a revised instrument of moral judgment.

@article{Rest1999DIT2DA,
  title={DIT2: Devising and testing a revised instrument of moral judgment.},
  author={James R. Rest and Darcia Narvaez and Stephen J. Thoma and Muriel J. Bebeau},
  journal={Journal of Educational Psychology},
  year={1999},
  volume={91},
  pages={644-659}
}
The Denning Issues Test, Version 2 (DIT2), updates dilemmas and items, shortens the original Defining Issues Test (DIT1) of moral judgment, and purges fewer participants for doubtful response reliability. DIT1 has been used for over 25 years. DIT2 makes 3 changes: in dilemmas and items, in the algorithm of indexing, and in the method of detecting unreliable participants. With all 3 changes, DIT2 is an improvement over DIT1. The validity criteria for DIT2 are (a) significant age and educational… 

Tables from this paper

Stages of moral judgment development: Applying item response theory to Defining Issues Test data

ABSTRACT The Defining Issues Test (DIT) has been the dominant measure of moral development. The DIT has its roots in Kohlberg’s original stage theory of moral judgment development and asks

Measuring moral reasoning using moral dilemmas: evaluating reliability, validity, and differential item functioning of the behavioural defining issues test (bDIT)

ABSTRACT We evaluated the reliability, validity, and differential item functioning (DIF) of a shorter version of the Defining Issues Test-1 (DIT-1), the behavioural DIT (bDIT), measuring the

Measuring the Ethical Propensities of Accounting Students: Mach IV versus DIT

This study responds to Bay and Greenberg's (Bay, D.D. and Greenberg, R.R. (2001). The relationship of the DIT and behavior: A replication. Issues in Accounting Education 10(3): 367–380) call to

Comparing the Stewart-Sprinthall Management Survey and the Defining Issues Test-2 as Measures of Moral Reasoning in Public Administration

Studies of moral reasoning in public administration have used James Rest's Defining Issues Test (DIT) and the Stewart-Sprinthall Management Survey (SSMS), both derived from Lawrence Kohlberg's work,

Are DIT scores empirically distinct from measures of political identification and intellectual ability? A test using post‐9/11 data

Emler, Renwick, and Malone (1983) argued against a developmental interpretation of the Defining Issues Test (DIT), suggesting instead that it actually measures a social psychological phenomenon –

Moral rationality and intuition: An exploration of relationships between the Defining Issues Test and the Moral Foundations Questionnaire

Explorations of relationships between Haidt’s Moral Foundations Questionnaire (MFQ) and indices of moral decision-making assessed by the Defining Issues Test have been limited to correlational

Moral Judgment and Digital Piracy: Predicting Attitudes, Intention, and Behavior Regarding Digital Piracy Using a Modified Version of the Defining Issues Test

Digital piracy, the illegal copying or downloading of copyrighted digital products without approval from the copyright holders, has brought great economic loss to the software and digital media

Insights Regarding the Applicability of the Defining Issues Test to Advance Ethics Research with Accounting Students: A Meta-analytic Review

Numerous researchers have investigated accounting students’ levels of moral reasoning, ethical choice and judgment employing the Defining Issues Test (DIT) and using its P score as an indicator of

Understanding the Relationship between Moral Judgment Development and Individual Characteristics: The Role of Educational Contexts.

This study examines variation in moral judgment level as measured by the Defining Issues Test 2 (DIT -2; J. R. Rest & D. Narvaez, 1998), based on individual demographic infonnation and educational
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 44 REFERENCES

Alchemy and beyond: Indexing the Defining Issues Test.

For over 20 years, the Defining Issues Test (DIT) has used the P index. In view of criticisms, a search has been underway for a new index. The authors propose a working definition of construct

Does Moral Judgment Development Reduce to Political Attitudes or Verbal Ability? Evidence Using the Defining Issues Test

Recent critics of the Defining Issues Test (DIT) suggest that moral judgment development as currently measured is neither developmental nor moral. Instead, scores on the DIT are claimed to be the

The Measurement Of Moral Judgment

This long-awaited two-volume set constitutes the definitive presentation of the system of classifying moral judgement built up by Lawrence Kohlberg and his associates over a period of twenty years and is an indispensable resource for researchers in child development and education around the world.

Designing and validating a measure of moral judgment: Stage preference and stage consistency approaches.

The Defining Issues Test (DIT) of moral judgment is discussed in light of the recent challenge by G. Lind (1995) with the Moral Judgment Test (MJT), which is widely used in Europe. The 2 tests

Cross-cultural universality of social-moral development: a critical review of Kohlbergian research.

John R. Snarey Laboratory of Human Development Harvard University Over the past 15 years, children and adults around the world have been asked if Heinz should steal a drug to save his dying wife, if

Individual moral judgment and cultural ideologies.

Individual conceptual development in moral judgment and socialization into cultural ideology co-occur, simultaneously and reciprocally, in parallel, and not serially.

A Theory of Justice

  • J. Rawls
  • Law
    Princeton Readings in Political Thought
  • 1971
John Rawls is Professor Emeritus at Harvard University. He is the author of the well-known and path breaking A Theory of Justice (Harvard, 1971) and the more recent work Political Liberalism

Moral Development: Advances in Research and Theory

This book focuses on a theoretical framework (the Four-Component Model) and evaluations of the Defining Issues Test (DIT) developed by Rest and his coworkers. The authors assess their own work with

The influence of moral schemas on the reconstruction of moral narratives in eighth graders and college students

Much attention has been focused on the importance of reading moral stories to children (e.g., W. Bennett, 1993). Although research on general discourse comprehension is flourishing, little attention

The moral domain : essays in the ongoing discussion betweeen philosophy and the social sciences

These 13 essays by noted American and German scholars provide a focused discussion of many of the issues raised by the integration of philosophical and psychological theories of moral development.The