DIRECT OPTIMALITY THEORY : REPRESENTATION AS PURE MARKEDNESS

@article{Golston1996DIRECTOT,
  title={DIRECT OPTIMALITY THEORY : REPRESENTATION AS PURE MARKEDNESS},
  author={Chris Golston},
  journal={Language},
  year={1996},
  volume={72},
  pages={713-748}
}
I present a model of phonological representation which represents morphemes in terms of constraint violations rather than strings of segments or root nodes. The formalism allows representation to be uniform throughout the phonology, mandates permanent underspecification of unmarked structure, derives the linear order of segments within a morpheme, and allows representation and evaluation to be conflated. Marked types of morphology (infixes, circumfixes, zero affixes; subtractive, reduplicative… 
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