author={Chris Golston},
I present a model of phonological representation which represents morphemes in terms of constraint violations rather than strings of segments or root nodes. The formalism allows representation to be uniform throughout the phonology, mandates permanent underspecification of unmarked structure, derives the linear order of segments within a morpheme, and allows representation and evaluation to be conflated. Marked types of morphology (infixes, circumfixes, zero affixes; subtractive, reduplicative… 
The structure of the German vocabulary: edge marking of categories and functional considerations
That phonology can signal the boundaries of constituents has been well known since Trubetzkoy identified the delimitative function of phonology. In this paper, it is argued that such edge marking may
The SPE-heritage of Optimality Theory
In this article, we start out discussing the issue of how many phonological levels one might like to distinguish. In addition, we discuss how each level is characterized and how the mapping between
Interacting processes in phonological theory
This article introduces basic principles of a generative theory of phonology that unifies aspects of parallel constraint-based theories and serial rule-based theories. In the core of the grammar are
The Flowering of Optimality Theory : Ponapean Nasal Substitution and the Problem of Intermediate Forms
One of the challenges that has confronted Optimality Theory resides in Phenomena that seem to require reference to an intermediate form that is neither the underlying input nor some actual occurring
Introducing Optimality Theory
▪ Abstract Optimality theory was introduced in the early 1990s as an alternative model of the organization of natural human language sound systems. This article provides an introduction to the model
A featural analysis of the Modern Roman Alphabet
The results of the present investigation corroborate a branching correspondence model in which general modality-independent constraints such as dependency, compositionality, markedness and iconism are shown to have independent modalities-specific instantiations in speech and writing with bidirectional correspondences serving as functional links across modalities.
Constraint-Based Metrics
This paper offers an analysis of Middle English Alliterative Verse in terms of Prosodic Metrics (Golston and Riad 1995, 1997a, b, 1998) using the ranked and violable constraints of Optimality Theory
No consonant-final stems in Japanese verb morphology
Modeling Morphological Subgeneralizations
Exceptions to morphological regularities often pattern together phonologically. In the English past tense, exceptions to the regular ‘Add /-d/’ rule frequently inhabit ‘Islands of Reliability’


Phonotactics, markedness and lexical representation
The theory proposed here, the Markedness Theory of Syllable Structure (MTSS), provides an account of syllabic phonotactics, wherein not only are features defining phonological content underspecified,
Identity Effects in Morphological Truncation
Morphologically truncated words may be phonologically irregular, constituting a class of exceptions to regular surface patterns.1 In this paper I propose that phonological irregularities in truncated
Quantitative Transfer in Reduplicative and Templatic Morphology
Segmental quantity-the distinction between long and short vowels or geminate and simplex consonants-is preserved under specifiable conditions in reduplication.’ Current nonlinear phonology holds, for
Underspecification, the feature hierarchy and Tiv vowels
The vowel system of Tiv, a Niger-Congo language of Nigeria, is particularly interesting since the representation of individual vowels in verbal roots requires a type of radical underspecification, where no features are actually assigned to vowels underlyingly.
Computational Phonology: A Constraint-Based Approach
The goal of this book is to explore the use of constraints in modern non-linear phonology and then - drawing on insights from constraint-based grammar and constraint logic programming - to formalise and implement a constraint- based phonology.
The consequences of Optimization for Underspecification
It is shown that an optimization approach, couched within Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky 1993), results in the use of underspecification only when there are alternant surface forms all of which are predictable from context or grammatical defaults.
An approach in terms of constraints and repair strategies can also link apparently separate facts in a single language, by showing that several processes apply to preserve the same constraint (see the notion of 'functional sameness' in Kisseberth 1970).
Foot and word in prosodic morphology: The Arabic broken plural
A theory of prosodic domain circumscription is proposed, by means of which rules sensitive to morphological domain may be restricted to a prosodically characterized (sub-)domain in a word or stem.
Heavy trochees in Choctaw morphology
The theory of Prosodic morphology maintains that various operations in morphology can refer to only a fixed set of prosodic categories, and limits a wide variety of operations to just this list of eight types.